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{"id":53235,"type":0,"block_id":"1338075785","theme_id":31,"user_id":20937,"path":"uhlyssuhh_/1338075785","title":"Dog obedience","pubtitle":null,"tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1338075785.jpg","width":700,"copyright":"Copyright","properties":{"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"none","user_embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10485205,"object_id":"06620411-e9c4-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Dog obedience","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38647,"object_id":"1338164482","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1338164482.jpg","text":null,"content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38646,"object_id":"1338164444","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1338164444.jpg","text":null,"content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38536,"object_id":"1338169883","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"EDWARD THORNDIKE","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38706,"object_id":"1338168348","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) was a psychologist whose focus was on behaviorism. His theory, Law of Effect, led to the later development of operant conditioning. He conducted an experiment in which he utilized a puzzle box to test the various laws of learning. Thorndike placed a cat into the puzzle box, where it was then encouraged to escape in order to receive the fish that was placed outside of the box. The time it took to escape from the box during the trials was recorded in the graph below.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38687,"object_id":"1338167817","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Law of Effect: Thorndike&#39;s theory that behavior consistently rewarded will be \"stamped in\" as learned behavior, and behavior that brings about discomfort will be \"stamped out\" (also known as the principle of reinforcement).","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":69224,"object_id":"1338165010","chart_type_nr":6,"data":[[["","2","4","6","8","10","12","14","16","18","20","22","24","26","28","30","32","34","36","38","40"],["Trials","600","500","350","300","350","180","350","360","600","500","350","150","250","150","140","170","40","150","160"]]],"custom":{"legacyTransposeDone":true,"switchRowsColumns":true},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":null,"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38735,"object_id":"1338169328","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Certain techniques used by the cats that helped in the attempt to escape were then used more frequently in successive trials as the cat itself noticed the positive consequence of those actions. For example, the cats learned that pressing the lever in the box resulted in positive outcomes and therefore continued to repeat this action when trying to escape.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38745,"object_id":"1338170009","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT AND NEGATIVE PUNISHMENT","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38743,"object_id":"1338170466","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Positive reinforcement: Rewarding a desired behavior in order for it to be repeated in the future. Thus, if your dog does something you want to be repeated, you must reward the behavior some how. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38774,"object_id":"1338171508","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Negative punishment: Taking a desirable object away in order to decrease an unwanted behavior. If you want your dog to decrease a behavior remove any reward or perceive reward for the behavior.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38777,"object_id":"1338171556","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"WHY NOT NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT AND POSITIVE PUNISHMENT?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38771,"object_id":"1338171545","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Although some owners rely on negative reinforcement and positive punishment to train their dogs, there are several reasons as to why positive reinforcement and negative punishment are more beneficial for those owners to use. When negative reinforcers are used, there is the subtraction of something unpleasant to increase a desired behavior. This, however, is not as easy as simply using positive reinforcers and adding something pleasant to increase behavior. It is easier to give a reward for a wanted behavior rather than removing something that the dog dislikes. In addition, negative punishment appears to be more effective instead of positive punishment to train dogs. Positive punishment involves giving something undesirable to decrease their behavior. The downside to this technique is that something unpleasant is actually being inflicted upon the dog whereas negative punishment only removes something desired such a treat or reward. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":42194,"object_id":"1338272646","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1338272646.jpg","text":null,"content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38825,"object_id":"1338175223","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"BETTER LIVING THROUGH PSYCHOLOGY","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38823,"object_id":"1338175167","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"This is a dummy text","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":38741,"object_id":"1338175218","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Through the psychology of dog obedience many would benefit through operant conditioning and Thorndikes Law of Effect by teaching their dogs in terms of staying inside the house or backyard, thus never escaping and endangering people. Or teaching them to behave when being walked in order to secure the safety of themselves and others. As well as teaching them sought-after behaviors in order to ensure people to comfortably enter your home. This will also decrease the amount of dogs in pounds and stray dogs, then deceasing euthanizing dogs with owners.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22 07:54:07","updatedAt":"2016-09-02 09:19:10","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#232323","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#767676"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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