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{"id":792312,"type":0,"block_id":"frasierf_1363802107","theme_id":30,"user_id":270944,"path":"tener-que-and-deber","title":"tener que and deber<br>","pubtitle":"tener que and deber","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/frasierf_1363802107.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":14464357,"object_id":"a4338845-ea68-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"tener que and deber\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":758412,"object_id":"frasierf1363802556","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Tener Que and Deber are Spanish for have to and must, respectively. Tener que + infinitive is one way to express obligation or necessity. This expression can be translated as \"someone has to do something.\" Tener is conjugated according to the subject of the sentence.\nHay que + infinitive is used to express the idea of \"one must do something\" or, \"it is necessary to do something.\" It is a more general expression and since there is no subject, the verb form hay is always used.\nHay que tomar un taxi.\n It is necessary to take a taxi.\nHay que estudiar mucho.\n One must study a lot.\nThese examples illustrate the contrasting uses of these two expressions.\nMaría tiene un examen el lunes. Ella tiene que estudiar.\n María has a test on Monday. She has to study.\nNo es fácil aprender el español. Hay que practicar mucho.\n It isn&#39;t easy to learn Spanish. It is necessary to practice a lot.\nThe verb deber is quite common and can be used to express obligation or likelihood. \nExpressing obligation: When used in this way, deber is frequently similar in meaning to the English \"must,\" \"should\" or \"ought\": \n•Debes estudiar tus lecciones. You ought to study your lessons. \n•¿Que carro debo comprar? Which car should I buy? \n•Alguien debería hablar de todo esto. Someone will have to talk about all this. \n•Son las palabras que no debiste decir. You shouldn&#39;t have said those words.\n•No debe dormirse después de comer. He shouldn&#39;t go to sleep after eating.\nThe tone of deber to express obligation can be softened by using the conditional form instead of the present tense, although the difference isn&#39;t always translatable. When telling someone what he or she should be doing, using the conditional can come across as more polite: •No deberías abrir un blog si vas a hablar de temas personales. You shouldn&#39;t start a blog if you&#39;re going to talk about personal subjects. \n•La fuerza aerea debería comprar mejores aviones de combate. The air force should buy better combat planes.\nWhen used with a noun direct object, deber can usually be translated as \"owe.\" •No me debes nada. You don&#39;t owe me anything. \n•El gobierno le debe más de $3 millones a mi madre. The government owes my mother more than $3 million.\nExpressing strong probability: The phrase debes de is used to refer to a strong likelihood. In such cases, it is often the equivalent of the English \"must\" when \"must\" isn&#39;t used to express obligation: •No debiste de firmar nada. You must not have signed anything. \n•Debo de ser anormal. I must be abnormal. \n•Deben de estar en buena condición. In all likelihood, they are in good condition.\nIt is very common in some areas, especially in speech, to drop the de in sentences such as those above. However, out of context, doing so would make the sentences ambiguous. Thus while \"debías de verme\" can mean only \"you must have seen me,\" \"debías verme\" can mean either \"you must have seen me\" or \"you ought to have seen me.\" In that case, you would need to know the context to understand what was meant. 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