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{"id":816724,"type":0,"block_id":"computer1234_1364225841","theme_id":31,"user_id":278845,"path":"maosfailure-58635","title":"","pubtitle":"Mao&#39;s Failure","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/computer1234_1364225841.jpg","width":700,"copyright":"Made by: Dhara Patel and Aamna Sajid","properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":779715,"object_id":"computer12341364226611","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":" A guide to how Mao failed ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":779848,"object_id":"computer12341364228275","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Marriage Reform 1950","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":787805,"object_id":"computer12341364342211","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The traditional family structure was broken apart by Mao through the Marriage reforms of the 1950s. The reform called for the abolishment of foot binding, women could not be sold into prostitution and they could own property. The result of these reforms was the equality of both genders, freedom of marriage with happiness as a priority and basic rights of women were restored. Mao gained the support from women and youth. However, the traditional family structure was now abolished changing the structure of society (Mimmack). Below is propaganda published in 1953 for Marriage reform. The texts says “In marriage, keep an eye on your own interests, and return radiant after registration” (http://www.impowr.org/).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":787683,"object_id":"computer12341364341666","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/computer12341364341666.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":779843,"object_id":"computer12341364228232","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Agrarian Land Reform 1950 - 1952","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":787708,"object_id":"computer12341364340529","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao used Agrarian Land Reform to redistribute land throughout China. This land was taken from the wealthy landlords and redistributed among the peasants. In the Agrarian Reform Law of 1950, \"land, draught animals, farm implements and surplus grain of the landlords, and their surplus houses in the countryside\" were confiscated (Mimmack 160). Former landlords were either beaten to death or were forced to admit to crimes by peasants. Many committed suicide. This was given the name “Speak Bitterness Campaign” and it resulted in the death of approximately 5 million landlords (Mimmack).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":784416,"object_id":"computer12341364305634","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"First Five Year Plan 1953 - 1957","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":781175,"object_id":"computer12341364243074","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao based the First Five Year Plan after Stalin’s. The goal was to industrialize and revolutionize China&#39;s agriculture and industry as fast as possible. He wanted China to become one of the strongest countries that can overtake any country. For the First Five Year Plan, all tools and materials were to be shared by peasants in a village and they would work the land together. The land was collectivized by the government into collectives with each containing about 300 families. . Mao set up communes among the population. The \"workers would create, literally with their own hands, a modern industrial economy, powerful enough to compete with the Soviet Union and the capitalist West\" (The People&#39;s Republic of China Ch3 pg3).The result was an increase in industry by 18.7% and an increase in agriculture by 3.8%. This dangerous imbalance foreshadows the great famine (Mimmack).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":779835,"object_id":"computer12341364228314","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Great Leap Forward ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":788187,"object_id":"computer12341364350930","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Producting grain and steel was very important in order for China to prosper. Backyard furnaces were set up for the people to create steel on their own. This resulted in a failure because the people had little to no knowledge on how to. Quality was sacrificed for quantity. State-owned enterprises were introduced which led to a failure for the people. The people had no incentive to work because of the fixed wages. During the Great Leap Forward, China lacked \"technical skills, managerial know-how, efficiently run factories and plants, and an adequate transport system\" (The People&#39;s Republic of China Ch3 pg 8). As shown in the graph below, there is a downfall in grain production which led to food shortages.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1240190,"object_id":"computer1234_1364307874","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Year","Grain Production"],["1958","200.0"],["1959","170.0"],["1960","143.5"],["1961","147.5"],["1962","160.0"]]],"custom":{"ylabel":"Millions of tonnes","legacyTransposeDone":true,"switchRowsColumns":true},"colors":["#84cee0","#95e04f","#ff4543","#f7830f","#fcc869","#e2cf25","#c9e739","#dbe090","#8fde8b","#42ed80","#95e04f","#5970e3","#8c9fff","#9a82ff","#ffd542","#84cee0","#f0746f","#9753f5","#e368b3","#f59dd2","#01c4f5","#9ca0a1"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":1,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":779892,"object_id":"computer12341364228335","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Cultural Revolution ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":781216,"object_id":"computer12341364243071","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Private property and ownership were seen as crimes by the Communists. As directed by Mao, creative artists duty was to serve the people and the cause of the revolution. Western music was banned. The \"rejection of all non-proletarian culture was political correctness in it most extreme form\" (Life in Mao&#39;s China 1949-76 Ch5).\n\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":781207,"object_id":"computer12341364242926","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Religion Reforms","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":788029,"object_id":"computer12341364347308","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The People&#39;s Republic of China would not tolerate with religion. Soon enough, the state closed down Christian churches and seized their property. The foreign priests, nuns and ministers were expelled or abused. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":752388,"object_id":"computer12341364242981","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Education Reform 1950s","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":787225,"object_id":"computer12341364332446","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"It was important for important for to carry out an effective education reform since most of the peasant population was illiterate. To solve this Mao how carried out reform in other areas like language. However, the results did not meet the efforts. In the mid 1960s:\n•\tLess than 1% of the working population had a university degree\n•\t11% received schooling after the age of 16\n•\tOnly 35% received schooling after the age of 12\n•\tOnly 26% received schooling between the ages of 12 and 16\nThe chart below shows the ratio of educated people to uneducated people out of a total of a hundred. (Life in Mao&#39;s China 1949-76 -Ch5 pg19)\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1240003,"object_id":"computer1234_1364307031","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["Past GDP"],["Educated","11"],["Non-Educated","89"],["Japan"],["China"],["India"],["Africa"]]],"custom":{},"colors":["#339bd6","#ff414d","#ff4543","#f7830f","#fcc869","#e2cf25","#c9e739","#dbe090","#8fde8b","#42ed80","#95e04f","#5970e3","#8c9fff","#9a82ff","#dfbd9b","#84cee0","#f0746f","#9753f5","#e368b3","#f59dd2","#70645c","#9ca0a1"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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