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{"id":1379842,"type":0,"block_id":"vanejudeh_1373986356","theme_id":31,"user_id":494118,"path":"machu-picchu-8508","title":"machu picchu","pubtitle":"machu picchu","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/vanejudeh_1373986356.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":17349295,"object_id":"7f5f9285-eae2-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"machu picchu","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810783,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373986868","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"¿Cómo construían las terrazas sobre la montaña, donde se ubica la ciudad, considerando que se encuentra entre dos fallas tectónicas?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810704,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373986493","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Antes de comenzar a construir las terrazas debian de aplanar la superficie de la montaña y estabilizarla. La construccion comenzaba desde la parte mas baja y luego construian hacia arriba, por lo que multiplicaban estas terrazas hasta llegar a la cima. El proposito de estas terrazas era darle mas resistencia a la montaña mientras drenaban el agua. Algunas terrazas eran utilizadas para la agricultura ya que encima de estas los incas tenian sus cosechas, pero esta no era la funcion primordial de las terrazas. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810786,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373986887","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"¿CÓMO PERMEABILIZABAN LOS MUROS?\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810793,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373986940","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Para permeabilizar los muros colocaban grandes rocas y materiales como la grava los cuales no permitian que el agua pasara a traves de los muros. Con esto, los incas lograron hacer que la ciudad no se inundara y por medio de estos materiales lograban que el agua atravesara los mismos sin afectar la funcion o la estructura de los muros de la ciudad. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810800,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373987004","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"¿CÓMO DRENABAN EL AGUA DE LA CIUDAD (CÓMO DISTRIBUÍAN Y CONDUCÍAN AGUA)?\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810805,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373987031","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Dentro de las terrazas colocaban una capa de rocas, otra de tierra arenosa y tierra vegetal. Estos materiales hacian que el agua entrara de forma lenta a traves de estos lo que hacia que el agua no se llevara las terrazas. Construyeron un sistema de drenaje subterraneo para llevar el agua a traves de la ciudad, estos eran como conductos que llevaban lejos el agua que caia debido a las lluvias, evitando inundaciones o que la ciudad se desmoronara. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810834,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373987234","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"¿CÓMO ERA EL TRABAJO DE CANTERA, QUÉ HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZABAN, Y QUÉ SISTEMA UTILIZABAN PARA COLOCAR LAS PIEDRAS EN SU LUGAR EN EL MURO (EJEMPLIFICADO EN EL VIDEO)?\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810836,"object_id":"vanejudeh1373987248","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Ellos golpeaban las rocas para darles la forma deseada ya que no tenian herramientas de hierro. Utilizaban a veces herramientras largas para poder romper las piedras mas resistentes. Luego utilizaban algunos leños para arrastrar las rocas hacia el lugar en donde debian de colocarlo. Al llegar al lugar donde debian de colocar las rocas utilizaban vigas que las elevaban para poderlas subir, luego al darles la forma deseada con sus herramientas debian de lograr que se pudiera unir con las demas rocas que se habian colocado previamente.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1810969,"object_id":"vanejudeh_1373988028","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/vanejudeh_1373988028.jpg"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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