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{"id":720295,"type":0,"block_id":"kekspi_1362679437","theme_id":31,"user_id":199569,"path":"kprater_6320-9753","title":"Salinger&#39;s Silence","pubtitle":"kprater_6320","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/kekspi_1362679437.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":15287581,"object_id":"4611a9ec-ea8a-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Salinger&#39;s Silence","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":696772,"object_id":"kekspi_1362679437","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Salinger v. random house, inc. ","content_type":"","title":"Copyright brief - LIBM 6320","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698014,"object_id":"kekspi1362691362","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Who was involved?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":696974,"object_id":"kekspi1362681439","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"J.D. Salinger - a well-known American writer whose most famous novel was \"The Catcher in the Rye\" published in 1951; Salinger hated the level of fame that his novel created for him.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697084,"object_id":"kekspi1362682203","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Picture from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":696949,"object_id":"kekspi1362681072","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/kekspi1362681072.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":696965,"object_id":"kekspi1362681220","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Random House, Inc. - the company publishing Ian Hamilton&#39;s biography about Salinger. Hamilton was a respected biographer in his time who decided to write a biography about Salinger against Salinger&#39;s wishes.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697088,"object_id":"kekspi1362682274","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Picture from www.ianhamilton.org","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697033,"object_id":"kekspi1362681929","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/kekspi1362681929.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697054,"object_id":"kekspi1362691405","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Timetable of Lawsuit:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1079529,"object_id":"kekspi_1362682390","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["1983","Hamilton asked for Salinger`s cooperation in the writing of his biography. Salinger refused and demanded that Hamilton not move forward with project.","starPath",""],["83-86","Hamilton continued researching and writing &quot;J.D. Salinger: A Writing Life.&quot; Hamilton got much of his information from unpublished letters written by Salinger to his friends and colleagues between 1939-1961.","starPath"],["1986","Salinger sued Hamilton claiming use of the letters was against Copyright Laws. Salinger also immediately registered his letters for copyright protection. ","starPath"],["1986","In response Hamilton removed direct quotes from his book and instead used close paraphrasing of the letters.","starPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698011,"object_id":"kekspi1362691316","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Court Decision","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698025,"object_id":"kekspi1362691455","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"At a district level Salinger was granted a temporary restraining order against Hamilton&#39;s use of the letters. Eventually the judge decided that the amount of information taken from the letters was not extensive enough to cause Salinger any harm. Hamilton was allowed to move forward with his book. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C 107 was cited as outlining the concept of \"fair use\" which protected Hamilton&#39;s book.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":608236,"object_id":"kekspi1362691705","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Salinger appealed the decision. At the federal level it was determined that Hamilton&#39;s use of close paraphrasing went beyond the concept of \"fair use.\" Hamilton and Random House was not allowed to move forward with the book.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":687258,"object_id":"kekspi1362691893","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The federal court decided that Hamilton went beyond the allowed amount of information used under the concept of \"fair use.\" ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":687266,"object_id":"kekspi1362692189","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Expert opinions about the ruling:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698042,"object_id":"kekspi1362691975","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"“the public’s right to know what is in Salinger’s letters is greater than the author’s right to decide whether to publish them and when.\" ","content_type":"","title":"Brooks thomas, harper & row lawyer","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698055,"object_id":"kekspi1362692402","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"A PERSON HAS “A RIGHT TO BE SILENT AS WELL AS THE RIGHT TO TALK OR PUBLISH.”","content_type":"","title":"harriet F. pilpel, 1st amendment lawyer","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698084,"object_id":"kekspi1362692494","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"These varying opinions make obvious the subjectivity of \"fair use\" and Copyright Laws in general. Often times Copyright Laws are simply opinions about the interpretation of the laws.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698086,"object_id":"kekspi1362692579","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"As school employees we must be familiar with the laws and do our best to implement the guidelines when applicable. Copyright Laws are meant to protect both the creators of information as well as the users of information. The precarious balance between the two sides was magnified in Salinger v. Random House.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#232323","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#767676"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"legend":{"fontSize":"16","fontWeight":"400"},"label":{"fontSize":16,"fontWeight":400}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["Pontano Sans","PT Sans","PT Sans Narrow","Arial 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