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{"id":688360,"type":0,"block_id":"a8e0e307f76163ba6700991757dd1dd7a5cffd71","theme_id":21,"user_id":233938,"path":"a8e0e307f761-2086","title":"The Fallacies of Pro-Gun Arguments","pubtitle":"The Fallacies of Pro-Gun Arguments","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/a8e0e307f76163ba6700991757dd1dd7a5cffd71.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":12350971,"object_id":"0d527a35-ea11-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Fallacies of Pro-Gun Arguments","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670398,"object_id":"25a737b3926dc92d0831fff44cd4f523cdd85aa7","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"The National Rifle Association is a pro-gun lobby group in the United States. According to the organization&#39;s official website, the group was founded in 1871 with the intention to \"promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis.\" In recent years, the topic of gun related issues have raised questions on whether civilians should be allowed to carry numerous arms, fueled by the many deaths of people young and old by irresponsible and reckless perpetrators. The NRA have fought back against the people who want to enforce stricter gun control, arguing with their right to the Second Amendment of the United States which gives them the opportunity to bear arms.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670399,"object_id":"89392ad550b5f2f697b4035b95ac3abc3ab29712","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":"","text":"Argument #1: Statistics","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670400,"object_id":"2cbbef0d707909e0310f92e3a4c7869692257c47","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"The NRA has provided frequent statistics that separate gun use from murder:\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670401,"object_id":"84b6031457ff3c9e1e86643364955f5bb3affa41","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"- \"In July 2010, the NRA reported that the number of handguns nationwide increased 50 percent from 1980 to 2009 while the murder rate decreased 52 percent. From 1976, when the District of Columbia banned handguns, to 1991 its murder rate increased 201 percent while the national murder rate increased only 12 percent.\"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670402,"object_id":"a530f8027ca9987676c2fa0de04793e60ca256ad","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"- \"The NRA also reported in September 2010 that there were more than 250 million privately-owned firearms in the U.S., including nearly 100 million handguns and tens of millions of \"assault weapons.\" In 2008 alone, more than 337,000 new AR-15s were configured for home defense, competition, training, recreational target practice and hunting. The NRA also reported that since the federal assault weapon ban expired in 2004, the murder rate dropped 10 percent.\"(1)\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670403,"object_id":"52b37adccdffa4c3e60d295dbfc9d134bcdd61fb","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670404,"object_id":"15b7057e75e70d89f18a7ad9302dd00e5bf32781","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"Appeal to Ignorance: The fallacy here is that it lacks the evidence of what types of murders were committed during the increase of the purchase of handguns. Murder is an umbrella category that can hold numerous causes of death - not distinctively by guns. The argument provided does not specifically say that GUN-related murders decreased by 52 percent. \n\nThe use of the word \"murder\" is used throughout to prove that there is no correlation between owning firearms in the United States and the number of murders that occur. The problem with the argument here is that it remains ambiguous as to whether or not GUN-related murders decreased, creating a weak argument.\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670405,"object_id":"6b678c70c61fbb53f15388dcb586d804b5698340","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":"","text":"ARGUMENT #2: AMERICA SPEAKS FOR ITSELF","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670406,"object_id":"c87b81705a4ce07a49ff341d92fcaa1004753895","particle_type":"video","picture":"","text":"//youtube.com/embed/133DC4LU3zw"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670407,"object_id":"6fe274d3ce4c55ec80da953a264d752782f5eec4","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"The NRA&#39;s YouTube channel created this advertisement in reaction to claiming that the solution to solve mass shootings is to add even more guns to protect citizens. The fallacy within the \"hypocrites\" argument by the NRA is \"tu quoque\" (meaning, \"you&#39;re another\"). ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670408,"object_id":"bf1ce0e8c4c49e0d9ec5518d9028589f1e55f71f","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bf1ce0e8c4c49e0d9ec5518d9028589f1e55f71f.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670409,"object_id":"44caf1576f9303b0273f80f06a0849e122a0640e","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/44caf1576f9303b0273f80f06a0849e122a0640e.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670410,"object_id":"8bd6e8d10dbf66f49a4dd5de72c7af9755b81a2d","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"The Tu Quoque subdivision under the Appeal to the Person fallacy criticizes the person rather than the claim they are stating. Though it is possible to criticize the person for being a hypocrite, in this case it is used as a method to distract viewers from looking at the truth and consider the claim that possibly more guns added to the scenario may not be the safest option.\n\nInterestingly, upon further research the school that Obama&#39;s daughters attend claims to not have eleven armed guards, but rather, a security office consisting of eleven members - none of them carrying guns. (2)\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670411,"object_id":"136e0ecf4272270f724837e04c50dff26b22335c","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":"","text":"Argument #3: Taking away our guns leads to tyranny!","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670412,"object_id":"b31a92b6aea73c832cd67e7287fa74be887602f8","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670413,"object_id":"18a1c87728500db674fc9d051ab0ee49cc8af90e","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"One of the reasons the NRA and its supporters do not want their guns taken away is because they believe that it will lead to the government&#39;s tyranny, leaving America&#39;s citizen&#39;s helpless under the circumstance of protecting themselves. It is outlined in NRA supporter Alex Jones&#39; debate with CNN&#39;s Piers Morgan. It is around the 2:00 mark where Jones starts to list the hypothetical outcome of what taking away guns will lead to.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670414,"object_id":"44acbd02aa5132838b017729541f3b389df95a48","particle_type":"video","picture":"","text":"//youtube.com/embed/AtyKofFih8Y"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670415,"object_id":"17d5d4d80ce9dfc449c0069cb5f537e8ba0169e1","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"It is important to note that in Alex Jones&#39; rant of banning assault rifles he claims that it will lead to tyranny and an uprising of the people who want to keep their guns. His hypothetical claims create a Slippery Slope fallacy: it is not guaranteed that creating stricter gun laws on assault rifles and magazine size will certainly lead to a tyrannical government. \n\nAlso, at the 2:45 mark, Jones states: \"Piers, don&#39;t try what your ancestors did before...\", referring to Piers&#39; British heritage, alluding to the American Revolution from the British colonies back in 1776. This statement holds two fallacies: genetic fallacy, where Jones uses Piers origin to support his argument and Straw Man, using Morgan&#39;s ancestry in order to create a sense of guilt and persuasion with his argument.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670416,"object_id":"afc1c129ade7aad8c217b704b0e677e14d654fab","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":"","text":"Argument #4: the second amendment","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670417,"object_id":"d5aec8dd53150ce9ca499e878a863d1329b5ba5b","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"The Second Amendment of the United States&#39; Constitution states that \"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.\" (3) \n\nThe fallacy of using the Second Amendment as the NRA&#39;s main motive of activity pertains to Appeal to Tradition: the fallacy of arguing that a claim must hold truth because it belongs to tradition, or in this case, established by the fathers of America centuries ago.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670418,"object_id":"b9602e993afd9b8b25335a1964fab95f4a6c63d9","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670419,"object_id":"f026705fe234e1f1a81ede4d6397231502864f0c","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670420,"object_id":"034167edfcc9290a2d0fd5c8210665e7c383a3d8","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":"","text":"In conclusion","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670421,"object_id":"0d49092f0f5b4c4d4ba5d51535af37df9e6e9fd1","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"There are different sides on the gun-control debate in America and here I have pointed out the fallacies within some of the arguments that the NRA and its supporters have publicly stated. It is a long and heated debate, especially in recent news with stories of tragedy on gun violence. As outlined in this infographic, the pro-gun groups of America have created some fallacies within their reasoning and should re-evaluate the logic in their arguments.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":670422,"object_id":"95dabf6560f21480db2994e7bf0c03a44cf670f2","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"Sources:\n1) http://www.8newsnow.com/story/20962228/nra-says-numbers-support-their-pro-gun-arguments\n\n2) http://www.examiner.com/article/obama-daughters-school-does-not-have-armed-guards-after-all\n\n3) Second Amendment: http://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/second_amendment \n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:06.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:32:26.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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