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{"id":733538,"type":0,"block_id":"bradyjj_1362958396","theme_id":34,"user_id":253770,"path":"World-War-I--In-a-Nutshell","title":"World War I, In a Nutshell","pubtitle":"World War I, In a Nutshell","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/bradyjj_1362958396.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":13104766,"object_id":"789bbbbc-ea30-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"World War I, In a Nutshell","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708439,"object_id":"bradyjj_1362958396","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Casualties of World War I","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1099981,"object_id":"bradyjj_1362959330","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Casualties","Total"],["Britain","1,226,597"],["USA","117,465"],["Russia","3,754,369"],["Germany","2,476,897"],["Austria-Hungary","1,567,000"],["Ottoman Empire","2,921,844"],["France","1,697,800"]]],"custom":{"height":"431","ylabel":"Casualties"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708716,"object_id":"bradyjj1362962540","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bradyjj1362962540.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708575,"object_id":"bradyjj1362959913","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"World War I was one of the bloodiest conflicts in all of human history with over 30 million deaths. There were various causes to the Great War. First, the entangling alliances that Europe had found itself in made Europe a powederkeg just ready to be lit. Second, a deep sense of nationalism contributed to the outbreak of the war. This was due to the fact that many peoples such as the Serbs, were living under empires that were not their own. The Serbs were living in the Austria-Hungarian empire at the time the conflict broke out. This is a signifcant fact because a Serbian nationalist, Gustav Princip, is the one who officially triggered the war by killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. Once the rest of the world heard about this assassination, the alliances came into play. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia which was allied with Russia. This brought Russia into the war which then triggered the Germans coming to the aid of their ally Austria-Hungary. France then came to the aid of their ally, Russia. Once Germany attempted to invade France by going through Belgium, Britain entered the war against Germany because they wanted to keep Belgium neutral. Thus, the war had begun. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708702,"object_id":"bradyjj1362962192","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Map Outlining the Dispersion of people in Austria-Hungarian Empire ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708675,"object_id":"bradyjj1362961974","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bradyjj1362961974.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708726,"object_id":"bradyjj1362962790","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"After the onset of the war, the first attack came on August 4, 1914 when Germany invaded Belgium en route to invading France, effectively bringing Britain into the war. The Germans march to within twenty miles of Paris before the combined French and British forces halted them. The place where they were stopped, Marne, is where both sides dug into their trenches, and the Western Front was established. Later that year in November, sea warfare became a prominent tool in the war when the British instituted a blockade of the North Sea around Germany. On Christmas Eve of that year, the two opposing sides on the Western Front, declared the Christmas Truce in which there was no fighting on Christmas Day. The soldiers from both sides even came out of there trenches and shook hands with one another. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708771,"object_id":"bradyjj1362964368","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bradyjj1362964368.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708809,"object_id":"bradyjj1362965452","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Men Mobilized ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1100363,"object_id":"bradyjj_1362964967","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["Men Mobilized (in millions)","Total"],["Britain","8.9"],["USA","4.3"],["Germany","11"],["Austria-Hungary","7.8"],["Italy","5.5"],["France","8.4"],["Russia","12"]]],"custom":{"height":"415"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708825,"object_id":"bradyjj1362965724","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The following year in 1915, the fighting between both sides continues as trench warfare leaves both sides being devastated by machine guns, artillery strikes, and mustard gas. Both sides literally gain inches month by month as the Eastern and Western fronts do not move. The major event that occurred during this year is that Germany began to deploy U-boats throughout the Atlantic Ocean and began to sink various naval vessels controlled by the Allies. The most notable vessel sunk by the Germans was the Lusitania, a British passenger vessel. This is signifcant because Americans were aboard the ship, this sparked American hatred towards Germany. This was the first step towards the United States joining the war effort on the side of the allies. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708880,"object_id":"bradyjj1362966791","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bradyjj1362966791.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":704464,"object_id":"bradyjj1362967053","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"On February 21, 1916 the fiercest battle of the war began, the Battle of Verdun. The battle was the longest battle of the entire war. 1916 was actually the bloodiest year of the entire war. In May of that year, the Battle of Jutland took place which was the bloodiest naval battle of the entire war. This battle took place in the North Sea as the Germans were trying to break the naval blockade imposed by the British. The battle ended with both sides claiming victory but in reality neither side won anything and the balance of power remained the same. The most destructive thing that happene in 1916 was the Battle of the Somme in which tanks were introduced on the battlefield for the first time in history. The tanks did not play a major role in that particular battle, but they forever changed the way wars would be fought. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708812,"object_id":"bradyjj1362968356","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Battle of Verdun Casualties ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1100641,"object_id":"bradyjj_1362968238","chart_type_nr":4,"data":[[["Total"],["France","542,000"],["Germany","434,000"]]],"custom":{"absoluteDistribution":false},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708981,"object_id":"bradyjj1362968695","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"1917 was the turning point of the entire war. Early that year the Zimmerman Note had been discovered by America, effectively bringing them into the war. The Zimmerman Note was actually a telegraph that Germany sent to Mexico, pleading with them to join in the war effort and attack the United States. British decoders decoded the note and showed it to President Wilson, causing outrage across America and got many Americans calling out for war with the huns, as the Germans were known in America. Due to the Zimmerman Note, the sinking of the Lusitania, the Geman&#39;s U-boats, and increasing propaganda against the Germans, America finally declared war on Germany on August 6, 1917. In addition to America joining the war effort, the Bolshevik Revolution had just occurred in Russia in which Tsar Nicolas II was overthrown and the new Bolshevik government began to have peace talks with the Central Powers. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":709024,"object_id":"bradyjj1362969341","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/bradyjj1362969341.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":709025,"object_id":"bradyjj1362969355","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"1918 was the final year of the bloody First World War. In January, Woodrow Wilson issued his famous fourteen points which outlined the steps he believed the world needed to take in order to maintain global peace. In March, the Russians and Germans signed the treaty of Bret-Litovsk which ended all disputes between the two sides and allowed the Central Powers to only have to fight on one front rather than being stretched on two sides. However, with the addition of the Americans, the Allies proved to be too much for the Central Powers. After several more months of fighting from July to November, the Allies had pushed the Germans all the way back into the German homeland, forcing Kaiser Wilhelm II to abdicate and flee Germany. Finally, the armistice agreement was signed on the eleventh minute of the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. Fighting on all fronts ceased after that agreement was signed and the war was pretty much over. The war officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919. In this treaty, the Allies treated the Central Powers especially harshly. They forced the Germans to take full responsibility for starting the war and forced them to pay war reparations. It would be this harsh treatment of Germany that would become an underlying cause of World War II. 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