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Created by:Shawn NormanShawn Norman
{"id":119241,"type":0,"block_id":"1342385404","theme_id":30,"user_id":35861,"path":"What-is-AN-024583","title":"What is AN ELectronic circuit?","pubtitle":null,"tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1342385404.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10551709,"object_id":"b53f6a68-e9c6-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"What is AN ELectronic circuit?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":94086,"object_id":"1342385404","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"We believe that electricity exists, because the electric company keeps sending us bills for it, but we cannot figure out how it travels inside wires.","content_type":"","title":"Dave barry","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":94095,"object_id":"1342386264","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Introduction","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":106919,"object_id":"1343515057","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Electronic circuits are everywhere. They are what make your phone, iPod, computer, and any other device that needs electricity to work. With just some basic understanding of how an electronic circuit operates, you can do amazing things!","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96922,"object_id":"1342569007","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Key Elements","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95862,"object_id":"1342496510","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"An electronic circuit is composed of individual electronic components, such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors and diodes, connected by conductive wires or traces through which electric current can flow. The combination of components and wires allows various simple and complex operations to be performed: signals can be amplified, computations can be performed, and data can be moved from one place to another","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96926,"object_id":"1342569190","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"All electronic circuits are comprised of 3 main elements.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96929,"object_id":"1342569332","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Voltage Source: It is intended to cause current to flow through the circuit. A battery is a common voltage source.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96928,"object_id":"1342569256","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Load: The load consumes the power in the circuit. It is the sole purpose of an electronic circuit. A load can either be a simple light bulb, or something more complex like the basic components below.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96927,"object_id":"1342569251","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Conductive Path: This is the route through which current flows. It is used to connect the voltage source to the load. This is usually represented by a wire.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95864,"object_id":"1342496543","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Common Basic Components","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95866,"object_id":"1342496759","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1342496759.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95867,"object_id":"1342496766","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element. The current through a resistor is in direct proportion to the voltage across the resistor&#39;s terminals. Thus, the ratio of the voltage applied across a resistor&#39;s terminals to the intensity of current through the circuit is called resistance. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95870,"object_id":"1342496886","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1342496886.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95871,"object_id":"1342496910","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"An inductor (also choke, coil or reactor) is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores energy in its magnetic field. For comparison, a capacitor stores energy in an electric field, and a resistor does not store energy but rather dissipates energy as heat.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95868,"object_id":"1342496839","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1342496839.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95869,"object_id":"1342496875","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A capacitor (originally known as condenser) is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store energy in an electric field.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95873,"object_id":"1342497092","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"How does it work?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95877,"object_id":"1342498911","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"An electronic circuit is a complete course of conductors through which current can travel. Circuits provide a path for current to flow. To be a circuit, this path must start and end at the same point. In other words, a circuit must form a loop.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95875,"object_id":"1342499067","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"For example, a simple circuit may include two components: a battery and a lamp. The circuit allows current to flow from the battery to the lamp, through the lamp, then back to the battery. Thus, the circuit forms a complete loop.\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95886,"object_id":"1342499077","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"When a circuit is complete (paper clip touches wire) and forms a loop that allows current to flow, the circuit is called a closed circuit. If any part of the circuit is disconnected or disrupted so that a loop is not formed, current cannot flow. In that case, the circuit is called an open circuit.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95887,"object_id":"1342499129","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If the path is open (like in the diagram), it isn&#39;t a circuit. Therefore, open circuit is most often used to describe a circuit that has become broken, either on purpose (by the use of a switch) or by some error, such as a loose connection or a damaged component.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95876,"object_id":"1342499036","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1342499036.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95889,"object_id":"1342499332","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"That&#39;s it!","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":96933,"object_id":"1342569976","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Electronic circuits are used in many practical applications. They can be as simple as providing power to a light bulb, or more advance as to amplify audio or to differentiate between certain frequencies. There really is no limit to what an electronic circuit can do. It is the closest thing we have to \"magic\" and remember.....","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":95898,"object_id":"1342499616","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"In its effect upon war and peace, electricity offers still much greater and more wonderful possibilities.","content_type":"","title":"Nikola Tesla","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:20.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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