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{"id":1211360,"type":0,"block_id":"palleja_1370276134","theme_id":33,"user_id":418705,"path":"Un-Mundo-de-Transformacin","title":"Un Mundo de Transformación","pubtitle":"Un Mundo de Transformación","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/palleja_1370276134.jpg","width":700,"copyright":"Álvaro Pallejà","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16316476,"object_id":"f53d4927-eab7-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Un Mundo de Transformación","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484106,"object_id":"palleja1370278413","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"La etapa de crisis se inició 1973 en los países desarrollados. Precedida por una edad de oro que había creado una economía mundial globalizada.","content_type":"","title":"Enter quote author","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484076,"object_id":"palleja_1370278268","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/palleja_1370278268.jpg"},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1992021,"object_id":"palleja_1370276157","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["Inlfación","Aumento de la cantidad de dinero en circulación causado por un gran crecimiento de la demanda.","upPath",""],["Devaluación","Reducción del valor de cambio de una moneda en el mercado de divisas.","downPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484034,"object_id":"palleja_1370277971","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/palleja_1370277971.jpg"},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1992428,"object_id":"palleja_1370279226","chart_type_nr":19,"data":[[["","Efectos de la crisis","Efectos económicos internacionales","Efectos políticos","Ejemplos"],["Países exportadores de petróleo","Elevado ritmo de crecimiento económico o aumento de la renta nacional. Beneficios - crecen durante los años 70","Activos demandantes de bienes de equipo y productos manufacturados.","Países que no logran el proceso de crecimiento - crisis social en la que el islamismo ganó poder.","Arabia Saudí, Irán, Iraq, Libia, Argelia y Venezuela"],["Nuevos países industrializados (NPI)","Proceso de industrialización - instalación de industrias","Bajo costo de la mano de obra - convierte en competidores de los países industrializados en los mercados internacionales.","Crecientes tensiones entre la expansión económica y el inmovilismo político.","Singapur, Corea del Sur y Taiwán"],["Países en vías de desarrollo, con graves problemas de deuda","Subida de precios de las importaciones. Caen las exportaciones de materias primas, inflación, se reduce el crecimiento, la renta y aumento del paro.","Acumularon deuda externa. Sin prestamos del extranjero.","Férreas dictaduras militares con duras políticas de ajuste monetario. Fracaso de la mayoría de éstas y disparo de la deuda - revitalización de las opciones democráticas en los 80.","África Subsahariana y Ámerica Latina"]]],"custom":{"defaultPath":"boyPath","showRowHeader":true,"showColHeader":true,"pictoProportionalScale":false,"styleName":false,"height":"800"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1497341,"object_id":"palleja1370366961","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"El \"Estado de bienestar\" se estableció después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial para corregir los desequilibrios económicos de la posguerra y para garantizar las necesidades básicas a los ciudadanos con una política intervencionista en materia económica y social.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1497332,"object_id":"palleja_1370366908","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/palleja_1370366908.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484417,"object_id":"palleja1370280517","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Características de la economía global","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1992706,"object_id":"palleja_1370280810","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["Renovación tecnológica","Mejora el control del gasto energético y el desarrollo de nuevas áreas.","upPath",""],["Reindustrialización","Efectos negativos:- Altas tasas de desempleo- Dificultades para las medianas y pequeñas empresas para entrar a la renovación tecnológica.","downPath"],["Coordinación económica mundial","Gran globalización pero no pudo solucionar desempleo y dependencia de poderes financieros internacionales.","downPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484603,"object_id":"palleja1370281561","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Crisis - Mercado de trabajo","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1992835,"object_id":"palleja_1370281636","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["Población","Activa, muy numerosa y además participa en la población inmigrante del Tercer Mundo.","profilePath",""],["Tecnología","Las nuevas tecnologías reducen la mano de obra.","downPath"],["Comercio","La competencia en el comercio produce que los gastos del proceso de producción se eleven.","circlePath"],["Producción","Era flexible y se adapta a los ciclos de demanda. Esto hace que haya una inseguridad social.","boyPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1484608,"object_id":"palleja1370281578","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Crisis - Estado de bienestar","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2003903,"object_id":"palleja_1370360980","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["Antecedente","Los problemas provocan dificultades en la financiación - aumentan unos niveles de déficit, esto provoca una crisis del &quot;Estado de Bienestar&quot;.","boyPath",""],["Gasto público","Tiene un gran aumento pero no sirve para pagar los subsidios de desempleo. 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