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{"id":1096241,"type":0,"block_id":"100000111691981_1368443111","theme_id":30,"user_id":378660,"path":"The-Soviet-Invasion-of-Afghanistan","title":"The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan","pubtitle":"The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/100000111691981_1368443111.jpg","width":550,"copyright":"","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10103659,"object_id":"8fd65c31-e9b0-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229298,"object_id":"1000001116919811368443566","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In the Christmas of 1979, Soviet paratroopers landed in Kabal, the capital of Afghanistan. Afghanistan was already in civil war due to the Prime Minister, Amin, wanting a Western slant to Afghanistan and to sweep away Muslim tradition. The Communist government under Amin also caused discontent due to Communism being a belief that rejects religion.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229268,"object_id":"100000111691981_1368443334","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/100000111691981_1368443334.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229950,"object_id":"1000001116919811368446659","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Many Afghanistans joined the Mujahideen (a guerilla force in the name of Allah) to overthrow the Communist government., declaring a Jihad on supporters of Amin and the Russians who attempted to maintain Amin's government. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229724,"object_id":"100000111691981_1368445590","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/100000111691981_1368445590.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229898,"object_id":"1000001116919811368446340","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"On December 27th 1979, Amin was shot by the Russians who replaced him with Babrak Kamal, who required 85, 000 Russian soldiers to keep him in power since most had already deserted to the Mujahideen.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1229372,"object_id":"1000001116919811368444011","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Although equipped only with old rifles, they had knowledge of surrounding mountains and weather, and they managed to challenge the Soviet Union despite the Soviet Union's use of napalm, poison gas and helicopter gun ships.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1230048,"object_id":"1000001116919811368447183","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"By 1982, 75% of Afghanistan was under the Mujahideen, showing how weak the Russian military was: young conscripts were no match for men fuelled by their beliefs, boots lasted no more than 10 days in the mountains, and many Russian soldiers even deserted to the Mujahideen. Russian tanks were of little use in the mountain passes.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1230157,"object_id":"100000111691981_1368447620","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/100000111691981_1368447620.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1230109,"object_id":"1000001116919811368447398","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Eventually, Gorbachev took Russia out of the war after realising that Russia could not win the war and maintaining a vast force in Afghanistan would only serve to cripple its already weak economy.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:20.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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