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{"id":1166177,"type":0,"block_id":"edew_1369426038","theme_id":31,"user_id":404235,"path":"The-Information-Revolution-edew_1369426038","title":"The Information Revolution","pubtitle":"The Information Revolution","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/edew_1369426038.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":14065195,"object_id":"4134e403-ea58-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Information Revolution","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384781,"object_id":"edew_1369426038","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"By Eric Dew","content_type":"","title":"Enter quote author","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384802,"object_id":"edew1369426209","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Technological Origins","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384952,"object_id":"edew1369427023","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Below are 5 of the most important advancements leading to the information revolution listed in chronological order","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384811,"object_id":"edew1369426262","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Vacuum Tube - First used in 1942\nVacuum tubes were the precursor to transistors as logic circuitry, and made initial advancements in electronics possible","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384922,"object_id":"edew_1369426859","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/edew_1369426859.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384813,"object_id":"edew1369426267","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Eniac - February 1946\nEniac was the first general purpose computer, and was capable of being programmed to solve different programs. In addition, it was 1000 times faster than its contemporaries","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384848,"object_id":"edew_1369426467","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/edew_1369426467.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384815,"object_id":"edew1369426271","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Integrated Circuit - invented 1949, implemented early 1950s\nIntegrated circuits were made possible by discovering that semiconductors (transistors) could preform the function of vacuum tubes. These were smaller than vacuum tubes and as such allowed faster, more portable computers to be built. These are now used for almost all computing","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1385013,"object_id":"edew_1369427360","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/edew_1369427360.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384816,"object_id":"edew1369426279","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"ARPAnet - 1969\nARPAnet was effectively the first embodiment of the internet, which had unparalelled implications for the information revolution as it allowed easy communication.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1385076,"object_id":"edew_1369427780","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/edew_1369427780.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1384817,"object_id":"edew1369426282","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Altair BASIC - 1975\nWritten by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, Altair BASIC was an interpreter which allowed users to write higher level language code, and have it be translated in to machine code for the Altair to run. This was Microsoft's first product","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1627402,"object_id":"edew1371620459","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Economic and Political Impact of the Information Revolution","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1627950,"object_id":"edew1371626669","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The information revolution continues to alter the economy on both a personal and overall level to a large extent. As online shopping rises in prominence, retail jobs are lost. Similarly manufacturing jobs are being lost as are jobs in many other sectors. This of course impacts the lives of those individuals to a large extent. Of course, IT creates new jobs in different sectors, signifying a shift in jobs away from menial tasks which are completed more effectively and inexpensively by machines, and towards \"idea market\" jobs. However, the number of jobs created is smaller than one would expect. \" Google, Amazon, Apple, and Facebook combined account for over $1 trillion dollars of market capitalization. Yet they only employ around 150,000 people total. That’s less than half the number of people who work for GE. And it’s roughly the number of people that enter the U.S. job market every month\". (first source). Thus, on a macroscopic level, the information revolution has created a shift in the market away from menial jobs. On a personal level, in some ways the information revolution makes attaining success require even more funds, and as such become even more unattainable to the poor. This is due to a number of expensive and necessary purchases required to be relevant in the modern workplace. For example, 92% of college students feel that a laptop is a necessity. However, if one is able to overcome the hurdles of acquiring the necessary hardware, in many ways the information revolution has made success more attainable to the masses (provided that one has a good idea) due to the ability to reach massive amounts of people through social media, and crowd-sourcing tools. For example, the \"Pebble\" smartwatch recieved $10,266,845 from 68,928 backers through kickstarter.\nAccording to stats Canada, the federal government spent 10.9 Billion dollars on science and technology in the 2012/2013, a 5.9% decline from the previous year. This is a reasonable figure, however a decline in spending is likely the wrong direction to head in. While the federal budget is finite, and an increase in spending on science an technology would lead to cuts elsewhere, some of this money is misallocated giving $90,000 payouts to senators anyways. In all seriousness, while an increase in investments in technology may be a temporary inconvenience, it is an investment in the country's future. \"Digitization has boosted world economic output by US$ 193 billion over the past two years and created 6 million jobs during that period, according to the study. Using a Digitization Index that ranks countries on a scale from zero to 100, Booz & Company found that an increase of 10% in a country’s digitization score fuels a 0.75% growth in its GDP per capita. That same 10% boost in digitization leads to a 1.02% drop in a state’s unemployment rate. \"(last source). Thus, an increase in spending on technology would ultimately yield more money to be spent across the board in the long run.\n\n\n\n\nSources:\n•\t http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/apple-google-facebook-and-amazon-are-worth-1-trillion-but-only-15000-jobs-its-time-to-reexamine-the-future-of-work#ixzz2WeATjFkA\n\n•\thttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kickstarter\n\n•\thttp://www.marketwire.com/press-release/back-school-survey-results-show-laptops-televisions-are-most-popular-tech-products-college-1682603.htm\n\n\n•\thttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/120918/dq120918c-eng.htm\n\n•\thttp://www.weforum.org/reports/global-information-technology-report-2013\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1627934,"object_id":"edew1371626538","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Social Impacts - Multitasking","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1627937,"object_id":"edew1371626557","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"One of the outcomes of the information revolution is an increased number of individuals attempting to multitask for increased portions of their day. In 1999, only 16% of the time people spent using various forms of media was on multiple media at once, whereas by 2006, that number increased to 26%. The article \"The Myth of Multitasking\" paints a very negative picture of the effects of multitasking (as one would expect given the title), and while I agree with a lot of the points raised, I think in some ways it may be over simplified. In this article, all forms of multitasking are lumped in to one umbrella category of \"multitasking\", when really, the specific tasks one is trying to do is likely a very key factor. For example, the scenario of texting while studying/doing homework is frequently used to highlight the loss of productivity while multitasking. This is different from something like listening to music while working for a number of reasons. First, both homework and socializing require active participation and intellectual thought to be done effectively. By contrast, listening to music is a passive activity that does not require much participation on the part of the listener. This is a key distinction. Another issue with this example is that socializing with one's friends via text message is generally much more engaging that studying. As one who has personally attempted this endeavor on multiple occasions, I can attest that the act of \"multitasking\" between studying and texting very quickly becomes the act of \"texting with a textbook on your lap\". Which is really the primary issue as I see it, in that \"true\" multitasking - doing 2 tasks simultaneously is basically impossible if they both require active participation. What one is actually achieving is switching back and forth between multiple tasks quickly. If one \"multitasks\" between a task that requires little thought (being either a mechanical task such as writing notes, or one that requires little participation such as listening to music) and an active task, the results are not as overwhelmingly negative as the article suggests is the case for all multitasking. For example, one study (see third link) found greater performance at various processing tasks when the subjects listened to excerpts from Mozart, than in silence and that \"background music increased the speed of spatial processing and the accuracy of linguistic processing\". However, another study (see 4th link) found subjects listening to music \"showed extremely high level of variation in attention test scoring\" and some preformed decidedly worse at their tasks. As such, it is difficult to make blanket statements about all forms of \"multitasking\".\n\nHowever, most research seems to point towards the idea that attempting to multitask between multiple activities requiring active thought is in fact a bad idea. Not only does it lead to poorer performance on the tasks (as is shown by multiple statistics in \"The Myth of Multitasking\"), but it can also have negative long term effects according to some studies. In a 2009 Stanford study comparing the abilities of those who multitask \"chronically\" with those who do not at various tasks, it was found that \"chronic multitaskers were abysmal at all three tasks. The scariest part: Only one of the experiments actually involved multitasking, signaling to Nass [the researcher] that even when they focus on a single activity, frequent multitaskers use their brains less effectively.\" Overall, multitasking definitely appears to be something to be avoided, however it does not appear to be something that be generalized to the extent it is in the article.\n\nSources:\n\n•\thttp://business.time.com/2013/04/17/dont-multitask-your-brain-will-thank-you/\n•\thttp://www.mindthesciencegap.org/2012/10/08/does-music-help-you-study/\n•\thttp://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/04.11.22.PMS.110.C.1059-1064?journalCode=pms&\n•\thttp://iospress.metapress.com/content/5675p01071939r27/?issue=3&genre=article&spage=329&issn=1051-9815&volume=33\n•\thttp://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/the-myth-of-multitasking\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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