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{"id":911167,"type":0,"block_id":"parker_clay_1365623484","theme_id":31,"user_id":312668,"path":"Texas-Becoming-an-Industrial-State","title":"The Beginnings of an Industrial Texas","pubtitle":"Texas Becoming an Industrial State","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/parker_clay_1365623484.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16330003,"object_id":"84f36247-eab8-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Beginnings of an Industrial Texas","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":876679,"object_id":"parker_clay_1365623484","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"By: Clay Parker","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":876712,"object_id":"parker_clay1365623676","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If you try to find when Texas became industrialized, you will not find a specific date, but rather a period of time when industries developed immensely. These industries are cotton production, railroads, lumber, cattle, and oil. However, before these industries could boom, key events had to occur. First, the Civil War was won by the Union, consequently ending slavery throughout the United States. This ended mass employment through slavery in agriculture in the South, and forced Texas to find a new source of income. Texas found this income in cattle, with the cowboys. But finally, barbed wire and railroads caused the cowboys to stop their cattle drives and allowed the rails to take over, opening up opportunities for many other industries.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911217,"object_id":"parker_clay1365988500","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Oil Production","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911278,"object_id":"parker_clay1365988700","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The oil industry industrialized Texas and changed it's economy in many ways. The massive amounts of oil called for many workers, consequently creating more jobs for Texans, and boosting the population by the thousands of \"Boom-towns\" such as Beaumont, Texas (see graph of Beaumont's population below).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":933407,"object_id":"parker_clay1366140978","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Population of Beaumont, Texas during the Oil Boom","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1426872,"object_id":"parker_clay_1365989297","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Year","Population"],["1890","3296"],["1900","9427"],["1910","20640"],["1920","40422"]]],"custom":{"ylabel":"Population","height":"350"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911432,"object_id":"parker_clay1365989653","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Trade was also increased with the Northern United States and with other nations through railroads and the Gulf of Mexico. Also, the need for supplies to build pumpjacks and other necessities led to the increased need of other industries such as railroad transportation, and lumber production.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911467,"object_id":"parker_clay1365990027","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Railroads","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911473,"object_id":"parker_clay1365990055","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The railroads in Texas stretched across the entire state (see map below), allowing for not only it's own industry to boom, but others as well.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911545,"object_id":"parker_clay1365990754","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/parker_clay1365990754.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":911547,"object_id":"parker_clay1365990764","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"These rails solved many transportation problems, shipped raw materials in Texas to markets in the North or ports in the South where they could be shipped to Europe, and helped sellers get their product to buyers in a faster more efficient way. The invention of refrigerated railroad cars allowed Texas beef to be shipped far away without spoiling. It also grew the lumber and mining industry because of it's fast travel time and it's ability to carry mass amounts of product. Trains improved itself greatly over the years, by changing their wooden rails to iron, started using coal as fuel instead of wood, and by giving their trains steam engines.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":920895,"object_id":"parker_clay1366054366","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Lumber","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":920932,"object_id":"parker_clay1366054602","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Lumber was one of Texas's first great industries. In the early 1800's, the sawmills started with a single saw blade held in a frame powered by water, but as demand grew, producers turned to steam-powered machinery and circular saws.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":921110,"object_id":"parker_clay1366055264","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/parker_clay1366055264.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":921116,"object_id":"parker_clay1366055295","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The railroad industry assisted greatly in lumber production. Their need for railroad ties, fuel, and other supplies increased the demand for lumber immensely. The rails also connected the forests with the growing U.S. lumber markets. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":921176,"object_id":"parker_clay1366055582","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Ore Mining","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":921215,"object_id":"parker_clay1366055735","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Then there was the whole concept of coal mining, which is a culture unto itself, the most dangerous occupation in the world, and which draws and develops a certain kind of man.","content_type":"","title":"mARTIN c. SMITH","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":921238,"object_id":"parker_clay1366055853","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The first account of coal mining in Texas was documented in an unnamed lignite mine near the Sabine River in 1819, but it became much larger in Texas in the 1880's. Ores were used as early as 1855, such as iron which were first exploited commercially in the time when charcoal furnaces were profitable. The tally of identified historical coal mines stands at 316 and were located through out 40 counties. The railroad industry was the main user of coal for fuel up until it was replaced by oil in 1944.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923478,"object_id":"parker_clay1366074253","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Cotton Production","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923514,"object_id":"parker_clay1366074427","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Cotton production opened the door for many Texas industries such as clothing manufacturing, and building of large textile mills. Inventions like the cotton-compress machine reduced the size of cotton bales by a half, lowering the cost of shipping; in turn this allowed cotton producers to ship their product farther away. Cotton by-products, such as cottonseed oil, also led to industrial growth. By 1900 cottonseed oil manufacturing had become the second largest Texas industry after lumber.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923666,"object_id":"parker_clay1366076226","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/parker_clay1366076226.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923673,"object_id":"parker_clay1366076342","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Cotton also impacted other industries; the bales were shipped on the railroads, and the cotton was used to make clothing and to make currency. Today, cotton is the largest cash crop in Texas grown in around 8,500 farms, and major towns, such as Lubbock, exist that were built for cotton farming in the beginnings of the industrial age.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923694,"object_id":"parker_clay1366076526","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Cattle","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923700,"object_id":"parker_clay1366076582","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Cattle were brought to Texas by the Spaniards in the late 1400's, and over time, adapted immensely. But once the 1800's came, cattle were demanded for their beef and hides. Until the railroads and barbed wire peaked, cowboys were used to herd and drive the cattle to \"cattle-towns\" in states like Kansas. But, once the railroads took over, the cattle industry was industrialized; shipping was much more quick and efficient, and the refrigerated train car allowed for already skinned beef to be shipped far away without spoiling.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923806,"object_id":"parker_clay1366077579","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/parker_clay1366077579.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923822,"object_id":"parker_clay1366077825","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Conclusion","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923823,"object_id":"parker_clay1366077840","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"As you can see, Texas became industrialized in the late 1890's and the first decade of the 1900's, because of the industrial booms of oil production, cotton production, cattle, lumber, railroads, and ore mining. Without the fall of the cowboys, or the freedom of slaves, we may have never become industrial, but now, we have become a leading state in the U.S.A, economically, and politically. But still, Texans hold on to their agriculture roots and produce money for the economy as we always have, just in a modified way that combines the qualities of agriculture and industrial together. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923856,"object_id":"parker_clay1366078330","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Citations","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":923858,"object_id":"parker_clay1366078341","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Texas and Texans Glencoe, http://cotton.tamu.edu/cottoncountry.htm, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/drl02, http://www.easttexasoilmuseum.com/, http://www.rrc.state.tx.us/forms/maps/historical/historicalcoal.php, http://www.texasalmanac.com/topics/agriculture/cattle-drives-started-earnest-after-civil-war","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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