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Created by:Aurora LópezAurora López
{"id":732199,"type":0,"block_id":"norimori_1362930958","theme_id":31,"user_id":253384,"path":"TRAUMATISMO-SONORO-AGUDO","title":"TRAUMATISMO SONORO AGUDO","pubtitle":"TRAUMATISMO SONORO AGUDO","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/norimori_1362930958.jpg","width":669,"copyright":"Aurora López Llames @alopezllames","properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16219600,"object_id":"f1c9682a-eab3-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"TRAUMATISMO SONORO AGUDO","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707105,"object_id":"norimori1362933041","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"¡PROTEGE TUS OÍDOS!","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707153,"object_id":"norimori1362931845","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El traumatismo sonoro agudo es la lesión del oído como consecuencia de la exposición a un sonido, generalmente único, pero de intensidad muy alta.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707124,"object_id":"norimori1362931208","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"¿POR QUÉ SE PRODUCE?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707130,"object_id":"norimori1362931140","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El ruido muy intenso produce un daño directo sobre las células del oído interno. La onda de presión que acompaña al ruido origina daños en el oído medio, y tras el impacto sonoro aparecen los síntomas auditivos: ruidos en el oído (acúfenos) y pérdida de audición (ruidos).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707140,"object_id":"norimori1362931312","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"En el traumatismo por EXPLOSIÓN la onda de presión máxima dura más de 1.5 ms. En el traumatismo por DETONACIÓN: la onda de presión máxima dura menos de 1.5 ms","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707143,"object_id":"norimori1362931381","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"SÍNTOMAS QUE PUEDES TENER","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":705946,"object_id":"norimori1362931479","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Traumatismo por EXPLOSIÓN: dolor de oído intenso de larga duración, a veces hemorragia (puede ser signo de rotura del tímpano), hipoacusia y acúfenos.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697891,"object_id":"norimori1362931554","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Traumatismo por DETONACIÓN: dolor de oído punzante de corta duración, acúfenos muy intensos e hipoacusia.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707409,"object_id":"norimori1362938524","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"¿QUÉ EXPLORACIONES TE PUEDE REALIZAR TU OTORRINO?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707404,"object_id":"norimori1362938558","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Una otoscopia y otomicroscopia (otoscopia con microscopio): para explorar la membrana timpánica y limpiar restos de sangre si los hay. Para el estudio auditivo puede realizar una audiometría con tonos y con palabras, y una impedanciometría.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":698351,"object_id":"norimori1362931668","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"¿QUÉ PUEDE ENCONTRAR?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":706530,"object_id":"norimori1362931696","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Traumatismo por EXPLOSIÓN: congestión de la membrana timpánica o una perforación timpánica en el 60% de los casos. La hipoacusia puede ser de percepción (originada en el oído interno) o mixta (originada en el oído interno y por un daño en los huesecillos del oído o la membrana timpánica).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":697873,"object_id":"norimori1362931700","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Traumatismo por DETONACIÓN: pérdida auditiva para las frecuencias agudas.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707160,"object_id":"norimori1362932000","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"TRATAMIENTO","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707158,"object_id":"norimori1362931995","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El tratamiento ha de ser PREVENTIVO, aunque la dificultad para la prevención en esta patología hace que el tratamiento sea habitualmente después de la exposición. Es recomendable MANTENERSE ALEJADO DEL PUNTO DE DETONACIÓN, evitar la pirotecnia en espacios cerrados, y mantener a los NIÑOS ALEJADOS, ya que ellos son más susceptibles del daño. También puedes utilizar tapones antiruido.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707173,"object_id":"norimori1362932203","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Tratamiento MÉDICO: si tienes una perforación timpánica tu otorrino puede recetarte gotas para el oído y/o antibióticos. En estos casos deberás evitar la entrada de agua en el oído. Para tratar la hipoacusia, te puede prescribir corticoides, oxigenoterapia hiperbárica, prostaglandinas, carbógeno...","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707175,"object_id":"norimori1362932297","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Tratamiento QUIRÚRGICO: cirugía (timpanoplastia) para reparar las lesiones de la membrana timpánica o de los huesecillos del oído.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707194,"object_id":"norimori1362932490","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"EVOLUCIÓN","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":707196,"object_id":"norimori1362932528","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El 80% de las perforaciones timpánicas traumáticas cicatrizan espontáneamente. Las lesiones del oído interno son solo parcialmente reversibles.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#232323","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#767676"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"legend":{"fontSize":"16","fontWeight":"400"},"label":{"fontSize":16,"fontWeight":400}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["Pontano Sans","PT Sans","PT Sans 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