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{"id":1232269,"type":0,"block_id":"ishaheda_1370586810","theme_id":20,"user_id":275425,"path":"Single-Party-States","title":"Single Party States","pubtitle":"Single Party States","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/ishaheda_1370586810.jpg","width":568,"copyright":"Shaheda Islam, Dania Khan, Jakub Nowak, Gayatri Chincholkar","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":14852764,"object_id":"82ba922f-ea78-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Single Party States","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1528363,"object_id":"ishaheda_1370586810","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Hitler, Mao, Mussolini, and Stalin","content_type":"","title":"Treatment of Religion and Minorities","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529065,"object_id":"ishaheda1370592748","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Compare and Contrast Religion","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529080,"object_id":"ishaheda1370592944","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hitler:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529185,"object_id":"ishaheda1370593670","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-disliked practice of religion (any type)\n-focused on the Jewish\n-killed or forced to stop\n-Religion interfered with his power\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529199,"object_id":"ishaheda1370593839","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529202,"object_id":"ishaheda1370593854","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-did not like religion\n-interfered in his power\n-closed down religious organizations\n-destroyed places of worship\n-was not against a specific religion\n. . -rejected all of them\n\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529289,"object_id":"ishaheda1370594949","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529290,"object_id":"ishaheda1370594956","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-disapproved of religion\n-pushed for Roman Catholicism initially\n-Fascism was seen as a religious conception\n-science > religion\n-did nothing to stop other religions\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529299,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595033","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Stalin","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529301,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595046","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-hated religious practices \n-destroyed places of worship\n-did not allow people to be religious\n-practices were forbidden\n-beliefs did not die out\n-did not focus on one religion\n. . -practiced secretly\n-changed his approach to gain support\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529306,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595117","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Compare and Contrast Minorities","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529310,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595161","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hitler:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529320,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595283","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-did not like people that were different\n. . -gypsies\n. . -homosexuals\n. . -mentally challenged\n. . -ill\n. . -Jews\n-wanted a pure Aryan race\n-killed/drove out minorities\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529313,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595178","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529329,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595382","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"- viewed anyone not in the peasantry as minorities\n- targeted elite and government officials\n- did not like intellectuals","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529314,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595192","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529342,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595555","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"- did not like those that posed a threat\n- ridiculed minorities\n- ban teaching about minorities\n- caused controversy\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529317,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595246","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Stalin:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529346,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595597","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"- Jews were targeted\n- main targets \n. . -counter-revolutionaries\n. . -Kulaks\n- keep minorities separated \n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529354,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595682","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Historiography","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529358,"object_id":"ishaheda1370595724","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hitler:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529149,"object_id":"ishaheda1370593300","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Intentionalists -\n- Hitler had a master plan for everything from the start \n- Mein Kampf was their guidebook\n- Hitler did have prejudices against race\n. . - disliked that religion got in the way\n- drove out religion to help his rise to power\n\nFunctionalists - \n- Everything that Hitler did was done spontaneously\n- Hitler killed other just because he wanted to\n- He just did not like the Jews\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529982,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600057","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao: ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1557398,"object_id":"ishaheda1370931116","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"- While many historians believe that Mao worked to save to peasantry class as a minority, other historians believe he worked to hurt the peasant class.\n- Frank Dikotter (author and historian- studied Chinese History from 1958-62)\n. . . -At least 45 million people were worked, starved or beaten to death in China over these four years; almost as many deaths as those that occurred during WWII\n. . . -believed this was Mao’s goal in initiating the Great Leap Forward\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529985,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600075","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1530008,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600291","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-Historian and renowned Italian scholar Renzo de Felice\n. . . -Argued that though Mussolini had no real prejudice against Jews, in order to accommodate to the growing influence of the axis alliance, fascist Italy was transformed into a racial state.\n. . .- his dislike for them was ultimately to gain an ally in Hitler\n- religion was a source of superstition; he strived for support of the Church\n-Mussolini introduced the Charter of Race.\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529987,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600086","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Stalin:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1530053,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600532","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"- Mussolini had taken up an alliance with Hitler and Nazi Germany and he was influenced to enforce laws against Jews.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1529989,"object_id":"ishaheda1370600114","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Purges\nTraditional view:\n- Stalin planned and directed them and knew of the scale.\n- Stalin’s mental health and paranoia\n- Soviet system was responsible for mass killing due to its design.\n-The Totalitarian Thesis \n\nRevisionist View:\n- Stalin gave the internal security job to the NKVD Chief.\n- They went too far.\n- There were a variety of 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