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{"id":984031,"type":0,"block_id":"s23858_1366809308","theme_id":20,"user_id":337759,"path":"Simple-Machines-2-s23858_1366809308","title":"Simple Machines","pubtitle":"Simple Machines","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/s23858_1366809308.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16699864,"object_id":"c475f3f5-eac7-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Simple Machines","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1009331,"object_id":"s238581366813602","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"By: Payton Vahldick\nEdited by: Kieran Colvin","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1009174,"object_id":"s238581366812973","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The six simple machines (first class lever, second class levers, third class levers, pulleys, inclined planes, wedges and screws) can all be classified as either inclined planes or levers.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008202,"object_id":"s238581366809520","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"First Class Lever","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008217,"object_id":"s238581366809567","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A first class lever has a fulcrum in the center of the straight edge. When force is applied to one side, the other end does the opposite. A well-known first class lever would be a teeter totter.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008242,"object_id":"s23858_1366809742","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366809742.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008243,"object_id":"s238581366809748","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Second Class Lever","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008246,"object_id":"s238581366809762","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A second class lever has a fulcrum on one end of the straight edge, and moves when force is applied to the other. A common example would be a door.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008262,"object_id":"s23858_1366809827","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366809827.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008277,"object_id":"s238581366809885","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Third Class Lever","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008280,"object_id":"s238581366809903","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Like a second class lever, the third class lever has a fulcrum on one side of the straight edge. However, with a third class lever, you apply force to the middle of the straight edge to move the edge opposite the fulcrum. This isn't very affective, like having a door knob in the middle of a door. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008297,"object_id":"s23858_1366810000","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810000.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008299,"object_id":"s238581366810013","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Pulley","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008306,"object_id":"s238581366810041","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The pully also falls into the lever family. The rope is the straight edge and the fulcrum is what holds the rope up. Pulley systems are common in gyms.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008318,"object_id":"s23858_1366810118","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810118.gif"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008320,"object_id":"s238581366810126","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Wheel and Axle","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008325,"object_id":"s238581366810145","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A wheel and axle is a lever, as well. The fulcrum is the axle in the center, and the wheel is the lever. Car wheels held together with an axle is the most common example of this. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008350,"object_id":"s23858_1366810254","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810254.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008351,"object_id":"s238581366810261","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Inclined Plane","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008353,"object_id":"s238581366810280","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The inclined plane is part of a different family, named after itself. It is basically a ramp used to add distance and decrease the amount of force needed to move an object. Stairs are a good example of an inclined plane.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008386,"object_id":"s23858_1366810416","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810416.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008400,"object_id":"s238581366810456","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Wedge","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008404,"object_id":"s238581366810467","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The wedge is part of the inclined plane family. It is two ramps put together used to get in between things to break them apart, like an axe chopping up wood.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008471,"object_id":"s23858_1366810606","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810606.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008495,"object_id":"s238581366810671","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Screw","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008497,"object_id":"s238581366810686","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The screw is the last member of the inclined plane family. The screw is two winding ramps. Screws are commonly used in building to hold boards together. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008527,"object_id":"s23858_1366810772","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366810772.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1009046,"object_id":"s238581366812442","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Block and Tackle","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1009050,"object_id":"s238581366812458","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A block and tackle is a system of two or more pulleys with a rope or cable threaded between them, usually used to lift or pull heavy loads.The pulleys are assembled together to form blocks and then blocks are paired so that one is fixed and one moves with the load. The rope is threaded, or reeved, through the pulleys to provide mechanical advantage that amplifies that force applied to the rope.\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1009063,"object_id":"s23858_1366812503","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/s23858_1366812503.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008884,"object_id":"s238581366811859","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Mechanical Advantage","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1008889,"object_id":"s238581366811881","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mechanical advantage is how much help a machine gives. To make work easier, a machine can either increase distance and decrease force, like a ramp, or decrease distance and increase force, like a crane. Ideal mechanical advantage is calculated by dividing input distance by output distance, while actual mechanical advantage is output force devided by input force. 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