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{"id":1153287,"type":0,"block_id":"uumanah_1369258289","theme_id":44,"user_id":344947,"path":"Should-children-be-tried-as-adults-for-committing-crimes","title":"Should children be tried as adults for committing crimes?<br>","pubtitle":"Should children be tried as adults for committing crimes?","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/uumanah_1369258289.jpg","width":550,"copyright":"Ufonobong Aniekan Umanah 2013","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":17335222,"object_id":"e873f44f-eae1-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Should children be tried as adults for committing crimes?\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1356975,"object_id":"uumanah_1369258289","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"There are few better measures of the concern a society has for its individual members and its own well being than the way it handles criminals.","content_type":"","title":"Ramsey Clark keynote address, American Correctional Association conference, Miami Beach, Florida (August 20–25, 1967)","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1356983,"object_id":"uumanah1369258334","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"The Answer is No","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357128,"object_id":"uumanah1369259037","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Let nothing foul to either eye or ear reach those doors within which dwells a boy.","content_type":"","title":"Juvenal, Satires, XIV. 44.","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357151,"object_id":"uumanah1369259130","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Prison is a terrible environment for a child, for they are exposed to danger, and often the experience drives them to death.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357114,"object_id":"uumanah1369258919","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Number of Rapes in Prison","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1870953,"object_id":"uumanah_1369258820","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["","Number Raped"],["Adults","3783.33333333333333"],["Juveniles","18916.66666666666665"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357111,"object_id":"uumanah1369258910","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"According to Congressional findings for the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, juveniles are five times more likely to be raped. According to a recent survey, 22700 inmates are raped within a year. This means that 18917 juveniles are raped in prison each year.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357165,"object_id":"uumanah1369259216","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Suicide Rates in Prison","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1871033,"object_id":"uumanah_1369259208","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["","Suicide Cases"],["Adults","12.75675675675676"],["Juveniles","459.24324324324336"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357171,"object_id":"uumanah1369259226","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 472 inmates in 2002 committed suicide in both local and state prisons. According to the Campaign for Youth Justice, juveniles are 36 times more likely to commit suicide. This means 459 juveniles commit suicide every year.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357207,"object_id":"uumanah1369259406","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"A bedrock principle of our criminal law is “penal proportionality” — that the extent to which people are punished should be tied to the degree of responsibility they had for the crime. ","content_type":"","title":"Laurence Steinberg","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357220,"object_id":"uumanah1369259465","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Children are often not able to fully grasp the consequences of their actions unlike adults, and therefore are less responsible for their actions, for they haven't taken into account every possibility. In that case, children should be given more leeway.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357253,"object_id":"uumanah1369259634","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"The Answer is Yes","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357264,"object_id":"uumanah1369259700","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Yet somehow our society must make it right and possible for old people not to fear the young or be deserted by them, for the test of a civilization is in the way that it cares for its helpless members.","content_type":"","title":"Pearl S. Buck, My Several Worlds (1954), p. 337.","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357296,"object_id":"uumanah1369259786","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Homicides and Rapes Committed by Juveniles","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1871191,"object_id":"uumanah_1369259812","chart_type_nr":21,"data":[[["","Homicides","Rape"],["Juveniles","1301","2900"],["Total","16259","84767"],[],["Hover text","8%","3%"]]],"custom":{"showLabels":false,"showText":true},"colors":["#e6003c","#00b6b6","#adc700","#614829","#a00841","#1b7a7a","#5b7500","#372917","#ed6673","#75c8c8","#d7e76e","#a0733a","#bc4a65","#5ea5a5","#586430","#281e12"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357313,"object_id":"uumanah1369259846","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Juveniles commit a significant portion of crimes in our country. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16259 homicides were committed in 2010, and according to the Office of Justice Programs, juveniles caused 8% of all homicides. The FBI reports that there were 84767 cases of forcible rape, 3%. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention reported that juveniles committed 2900 of those rapes in 2010.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1378598,"object_id":"uumanah1369394288","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"We must also remember the victims of these crimes, such as in the case of rape. Should these people get justice as well?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1378606,"object_id":"uumanah1369394319","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Responses to Rape","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1892117,"object_id":"uumanah_1369394337","chart_type_nr":18,"data":[[["Reactions to Rape","%"],["Post Traumatic Stress Disorder",".18"],["Substance Abuse",".16"],["Self-Harm",".12"],["Stockholm Syndrome",".10"],["Depression",".18"],["Sexually Transmitted Infections",".18"],["Pregnancy",".18"],["Flashbacks",".08"],["Borderline Personality Disorder",".10"],["Sleep Disorders",".12"],["Eating Disorders",".12"],["Body Memories",".14"],["Dissociative Identity Disorder",".14"],["Suicide",".20"]]],"custom":{"rotate":"[0,-90,90,0]"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1378626,"object_id":"uumanah1369394448","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"There are multiple outcomes for a victim when it comes to rape, according to RAINN. One could get PTSD, or depression, or turn to substance abuse, or get pregnant, or commit suicide.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1378639,"object_id":"uumanah1369394523","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Along with other forms of sexual assault, it belongs to that class of indignities against the person that cannot ever be fully righted, and that diminishes all humanity.","content_type":"","title":"Supreme Court of California, Mary M. v. City of Los Angeles 54 Cal.3d 202,222 (1991) [285 Cal.Rptr. 99; 814 P.2d 1341], a case involving a woman who was raped by a police officer","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1378636,"object_id":"uumanah1369394512","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"So what do you believe?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1892155,"object_id":"uumanah_1369394565","chart_type_nr":24,"data":[[["Until June 13, Happy Summer","2013","6","13","0","0","0","down","years","months","days","hours","minutes","seconds",""]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:36:54.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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