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Created by:Andrew HwangAndrew Hwang
{"id":364027,"type":0,"block_id":"1252634856_1353374542","theme_id":31,"user_id":138796,"path":"Shaw_vs-_Reno-664","title":"Shaw vs. Reno","pubtitle":"Shaw vs. Reno","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1252634856_1353374542.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10398268,"object_id":"78a262e2-e9c0-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Shaw vs. Reno","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":329193,"object_id":"12526348561353374884","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In 1992, North Carolina proposed a congressional reapportionment plan that was further rejected by the US Attorney General. Two plans where submitted; the first containing one black-majority district and the second containing two black-majority districts; both of these plans were rejected. The shape of one of these districts ended up to be around 160mi. long that had stretched in a thin line across the state, connecting all areas in which had a large black population. This redistricting was \"so bizarre on its face that it is &#39;unexplainable on grounds other than race,\" five residents of North Carolina argued that this redistricting plan was strictly based on race and stated the reapportionment was only proposed to increase black voters.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":329186,"object_id":"12526348561353374693","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/12526348561353374693.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":329197,"object_id":"12526348561353374930","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Did the claims from the residents against this new racially gerrymandering district prove valid under the 14th Amendment?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":514204,"object_id":"1252634856_1353375231","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["Outcome","Votes"],["Shaw","5"],["Reno","4"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":2,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":329207,"object_id":"12526348561353375187","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Shaw wins 5-4 → it was concluded that the redistricting had indeed been proposed in order to separate voters in terms of strictly race. The final decision was highly based around the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause. The Court ruled that reapportionment based off strictly race must be held under and require ‘strict scrutiny,’ violating the equal protection clause. In other words, the racial redistricting will cause the district to be under much more intense watch than other districts that are non-racially based, and as a result, this proposal of reapportionment is indeed unconstitutional.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:43.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#232323","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#767676"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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