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{"id":601637,"type":0,"block_id":"100002585968630_1360705827","theme_id":30,"user_id":213178,"path":"Quenianos-e-o-Atletismo","title":"Quenianos e o Atletismo","pubtitle":"Quenianos e o Atletismo","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/100002585968630_1360705827.jpg","width":527,"copyright":"Copyright by lucianopodes","properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10060534,"object_id":"fd74553d-e9ad-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Quenianos e o Atletismo","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":582788,"object_id":"1000025859686301360705954","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Conheça algumas características que transformam os quenianos em atletas quase imbatíveis ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":582816,"object_id":"1000025859686301360705986","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"O doutor em ciência esportiva Owen Anderson acompanhou o treinamento dos atletas do Quênia para reunir informações para seu novo livro, The Science of Running — que será publicado nos Estados Unidos em 2011 —, e listou alguns dos fatores que transformam os africanos em atletas quase imbatíveis nas corridas de longa distância.\n\n1. As crianças do Quênia não têm acesso a brinquedos e jogos eletrônicos e são muito ativas. Elas chegam a correr até 20 km por dia — descalças e com mochilas nas costas — para estudar. Por isso, desde cedo desenvolvem força, coordenação e resistência aeróbia necessárias para uma corrida.\n\n2. Por viverem em altitudes elevadas, os quenianos possuem o sangue mais grosso, o coração mais forte e fibras musculares menores, que facilitam a penetração do oxigênio e melhoram a economia da corrida, fazendo com que percorram grandes distâncias cansando-se menos.\n\n3. Quenianos treinam em estradas de terra. O piso irregular e mais macio aumenta a potência muscular das pernas e diminui o risco de lesões. O percurso repleto de subidas — a variação de altitude nos treinos é de 4.000 a 8.000 metros — também contribui para fortalecer músculos e tendões.\n\n4. Os quenianos adoram trabalhos de velocidade. Os treinos favoritos deles são fartleks e tiros em alta frequência ou em subidas.\n\n5. A maior dificuldade dos treinos em altitudes elevadas prepara os quenianos física e psicologicamente para suportar o desgaste nas competições, pois fica mais fácil correr ao nível do mar.\n\n6. Os atletas mais velhos sempre correm com os novatos. Além da troca de experiências, ao suportarem o mesmo treinamento que os grandes campeões, os jovens ganham confiança e sabem que têm condições de vencer competições importantes.\n\n7. A dieta dos quenianos é bastante rica em carboidratos, vitaminas, minerais e com baixo teor de gordura. Seus principais alimentos são o ugali — uma espécie de polenta —, legumes cozidos, arroz, feijão, verduras, banana, maracujá, couve, carnes magras, leite e ovos.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":582824,"object_id":"1000025859686301360706081","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1000025859686301360706081.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":582830,"object_id":"1000025859686301360706135","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1000025859686301360706135.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":582833,"object_id":"1000025859686301360706215","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1000025859686301360706215.jpg"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:20.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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