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{"id":1211857,"type":0,"block_id":"historyproject_1370282080","theme_id":21,"user_id":422095,"path":"Policies-of-Hitler-Stalin-Mussolini-and-Zedong","title":"Policies of Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, and Zedong","pubtitle":"Policies of Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, and Zedong","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/historyproject_1370282080.jpg","width":550,"copyright":"","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":14722438,"object_id":"2ef99084-ea73-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Policies of Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, and Zedong","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502223,"object_id":"historyproject1370402218","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini vs. Stalin: While some historians argue that Stalin was a continuation of Lenin, others argue that although he was also a Bolshevik, his policies differed. This view of discontinuity shows that both Stalin and Mussolini had to rise to power and eliminate opposition from other parties, as well as within their own parties. As both leaders used terror tactics such as the secret police, they both also propagated themselves, although it is argued by many that Stalin wanted a fatherly figure, while Mussolini was not caught up in a cult. The impact of Stalin's policy on the Soviet Union was that anyone with collective power against the Bolsheviks would be persecuted/detained. Mussolini on the other hand, aimed towards mimicking the Roman Empire, yet caused much hostility among his people at the same time. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502226,"object_id":"historyproject1370402250","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini vs. Mao: Mao Zedong and Mussolini both had ways of eliminating opposition but had different motives of doing so. Mao was supportive of the communist movements whereas Mussolini believed in getting rid of communism and the implementation of Italian Fascism. Both dictators utilized violence in order to eliminate opposition and incited fear within opposing parties. Mussolini was able to eliminate the mafia, and any other groups that could create fear and power within Italy besides him. Whereas Mao took more of a stance against the ideologies, cultures, and religions that could create potential threats to Mao-ism's beliefs. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502227,"object_id":"historyproject1370402265","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini vs. Hitler: Mussolini differed with Hitler in the removal of Jews and homosexuals, as well as other gypsy groups from power. Mussolini, it can be argued, had more opposition from leftist groups while Hitler shows fascism as almost capitalism with ultranationalistic pride. Both used secret policy, but Hitler was more vicious in targeting the \"impurities of the Aryan race\", while Mussolini used thugs to keep himself in power. Both had the impact of instilling great fear into the people, yet the fear was for a somewhat different reason. People beneath Hitler feared the consequences of not fitting into the Aryan race (such as concentration camps, etc), while people beneath Mussolini focused on giving him support and not being seen as opposition. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502351,"object_id":"historyproject1370403185","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hitler vs. Mao: There were many similarities and differences present within Mao and Hitler's dictatorships and how they implemented policies to eliminate opposition. Hitler's main opposition was based off anti-semitism and expulsion of religion and the church, whereas, Mao's main factor of opposition was to eliminate traditions, customs, and beliefs. They both used education in order to influence the youth about the ideologies that they planned to implement within their nations, and both used propaganda in order to circulate their beliefs and ideologies. Mao was set on eliminating all aspects of Old China, and used the Cultural Revolution to attempt this. This impact on the people was incredibly drastic as some historians call the Cultural Revolution as the worst time period in the history of China. Mao's attempts to get rid of his opposing ideas resulted in a great amount of misfortune for the people. The impact of Hitler's policies were similarly drastic, causing for the deaths of millions (not just Jews), and changing the lives of many for the negative. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1504228,"object_id":"historyproject1370419317","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Stalin vs. Hitler: Stalin and Hitler were similar in that they both used secret police to silence opposition and killed many people in order to purge each of their nations. They were different because Stalin wanted to get rid of just those who opposed him and those who had the potential to reduce his power. Hitler, on the other hand, was against certain races and religions, not worried about losing power. Stalin was interested in power and Hitler was interested in what he could do with power. Both also took advantage of the fact that their opposers underestimated at first. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1508353,"object_id":"historyproject1370444090","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao vs. Stalin: In order to consolidate their power, both Mao and Stalin faced opposers and instilled fear within them. Mao intimidated some to such an extent that they fled the country; Stalin cunningly used intimidation as well. Mao's way of dealing with opposition differed with Stalin in that there were different circumstances present. Stalin had to act much more cunning, and take advantage of people estimation, while Mao did not. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502866,"object_id":"historyproject_1370407718","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/historyproject_1370407718.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502975,"object_id":"historyproject1370408790","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hitler Historiography: some Historians argue that Hitler intentionally structured the government with the mindset that he could easily eliminate his opposition; they believe that he went into power with a plan for all of his policies (intentionalists). Other historians support the point of view that he had no structured plan, and acted as he was faced with different circumstances. HIs actions were very on the spot, and not planned from beforehand. So as opposition rose, Hitler decided accordingly how to deal with it (structuralists). ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502982,"object_id":"historyproject1370408825","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mussolini Historiography: \"It is necessary to be very intelligent in the work of repression. All oppositon journals have been supressed and all the anti-fascist leaders dissolved.\" Some historians argue that Mussolini's repression of opposition was much less harsh than Hitler's or Stalin's. Torture and murder were mostly limited to after 1943, after Mussolini had been removed from office and had a puppet government set up by Germany. By this time, the cult was falling apart, and more drastic measures were needed to keep it alive. The opposition eventually won out, as some of the enemy broadcasts changed Italian minds so that they no longer believed Mussolini's myths. Anti-Fascist leaders were able to organize strikes and revolts and finally in 1945, Italian partisans assassinated Mussolini while he was trying to get to Switzerland. Others argue that his oppressive nature against members of his own party was just as fierce as Hitler and Mao since he still utilized means of torture and murder, \"Individuals form classes according to the similarity of their interests, they form syndicates according to differentiated economic activities within these interests; but they form first, and above all, the State, which is not to be thought of numerically as the sum-total of individuals forming the majority of the nation\" (Mussolini Doctrine of Facism).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1502985,"object_id":"historyproject1370408844","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Stalin Historiography: Khrushchev's views: \"Khrushchev had been a loyal supporter of Stalin and had managed to remain at the center of events without himself becoming a victim of the Terror. Nevertheless, an official party inquiry into Stalin’s doings had begun to reveal some of the horrors of the time, and Khrushchev chose not to ignore this. It followed, therefore, that the Communist party was right, and that Stalin alone was the source of all the wrongs committed during his time in power.\" Dissident views: \"Much of the writing critical of Stalin from this period emanates from ‘Old Bolsheviks’ and others pushed aside by Stalin in the struggle to succeed Lenin. Bukharin, for instance, wrote, ‘Stalin will strangle us. He is an unprincipled intriguer who subordinates everything to his lust for power.’ Trotsky had lots to say about Stalin and very little of it complimentary. Trotsky had every reason to dislike Stalin who had out-maneuvered him at every step of the succession struggle. Trotsky’s exile, and eventual death, speaks volumes about Stalin’s methods of dealing with perceived opponents. His views were personal, he would no doubt be bitter at his fate, but until his exile he was at the center of events. He did, however, have access to papers, was at meetings, was involved in decisions.\"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1510760,"object_id":"historyproject1370454757","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mao Historiography: One of the quotes of Mao: \"All men must die, but death can vary in its significance. The ancient Chinese writer Szuma Chien said, 'Though death befalls all men alike, it may be weightier than Mount Tai or lighter than a feather.' To die for the people is weightier than Mount Tai, but to work for the fascists and die for the exploiters and oppressors is lighter than a feather. \" (Serve the People, 1944). While some historians argue that Mao had intentionally caused the starvation of millions to shrink the population and make the economy more efficient, others disagree. For example, the Agrarian Reform Law of 1950 had attacked stronger peasants in an attempt to rid the country of individual ownership. Some historians primarily believe that he was fufilling his promise to the poorer peasants, while others believe this act was primarily to turn against the traditional Chinese values and to oppose the section that was most likely to oppose Mao.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:06.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:32:26.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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