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{"id":1283857,"type":0,"block_id":"schubertl_1371651018","theme_id":44,"user_id":451832,"path":"Mathematics-in-the-Islamic-Empire","title":"Mathematics in the Islamic Empire","pubtitle":"Mathematics in the Islamic Empire","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/schubertl_1371651018.jpg","width":700,"copyright":null,"properties":{"social":"google","publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","decimal_separator":"."},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16789867,"object_id":"7ca5b131-eacb-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Mathematics in the Islamic Empire","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1631168,"object_id":"schubertl1371651281","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"The world owes a great debt to Arab scholars for preserving and transmitting to posterity the classics of Greek mathematics.","content_type":"","title":"A History of Mathematics, Victor Katz","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639474,"object_id":"schubertl1371729219","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Extent and spread of the Islamic Empire from Muhammad's death","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2139660,"object_id":"schubertl_1371651415","chart_type_nr":9,"data":[[["","Date"],["Spain","661-750 CE","","40.0028028 -4.003104"],["Turkey","750 CE","","38.9597594 34.9249653"],["Iran","632-661 CE","","32.9407496 52.9471344"],["Saudi Arabia","632 CE","","25.6242618 42.3528328"],["Egypt","632-661 CE","","26.9405829 29.6412914394044"],["Morocco","661-750 CE","","31.2005672 -7.3205368"],["Algeria","661-750 CE","","28.0000272 2.9999825"],["Libya","661-750 CE","","26.8234472 18.1236723"],["Bulgaria","750 CE","","42.6073975 25.4856617"],["Iraq","661-750 CE","","33.0955793 44.1749775"],["Syria","661-750 CE","","34.6401861 39.0494106"],["Jordan","661-750 CE","","31.1667049 36.941628"]]],"custom":{"points":"0"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639162,"object_id":"schubertl1371726783","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"When the Muslim empire first began its rise in 637, much of Europe was fragmented and common people were poor and uneducated. Few people had the time to study ancient texts. Much of the knowledge of the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Mesopotamians and Indians were lost in the Western World. But Muhammed's armies had not forgotten these lessons and had used them to futher understanding in the mathematical world.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1632192,"object_id":"schubertl_1371657527","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/schubertl_1371657527.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639175,"object_id":"schubertl1371726955","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"When Muslims arrived in Mesopotamia in the 600's they found people using what we now call \"Arabic Numbers.\" These spread throughout the Islamic empire and eventually took hold in Western Europe. This was the first time Europeans had a unified numerical system.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2148029,"object_id":"schubertl_1371727087","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["19","Letters the Greek needed to use to express different numbers","",""],["9","Numbers the new Arabic system needed to express any number",""],["1","System the entire world uses today. ARABIC NUMERALS!","starPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639256,"object_id":"schubertl1371727741","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A Muslim mathematician Al-Khwarizmi refined an Egyptian system of problems solving in math called \"al-jabar.\" Known today as Algebra, these problems are written as equations and the goal is to find out the number the letter stands for.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2148195,"object_id":"schubertl_1371728041","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["3 x N = 12","Algebra allows us to solve for N.","profilePath",""],["","",""]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639342,"object_id":"schubertl1371728145","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Islamic mathematicians also discovered other ways of using numbers. Trigonometry was developed to help people calculate long distances and careful translation of Ancient Greek texts allowed people to use Geometry.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639729,"object_id":"schubertl_1371731159","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/schubertl_1371731159.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639433,"object_id":"schubertl1371728825","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"These mathematical discoveries allowed Muslim scientists to go on to further studies in Astronomy, Geography, Medicine, Architecture and Art. Muslim thinkers provided a bridge between the achievements of ancient civilizations and modern understandings of these subjects. They provided the building blocks that eventually began the Renaissance. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639666,"object_id":"schubertl1371730586","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Length of civilization","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2148545,"object_id":"schubertl_1371730166","chart_type_nr":11,"data":[[["","Years"],["Islamic Empire","800"],["Greek Empire","2050"],["Roman Empire","500"],["Mesopotamian Empire","1800"],["Egyptian Empire","2600"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639653,"object_id":"schubertl1371730465","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In a fairly short amount of time, the Islamic Empire made a huge contribution to our intellectual lives and developed systems and formulas for mathematics that we still use today.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1639833,"object_id":"schubertl_1371732127","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/schubertl_1371732127.png"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:36:54.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#edede2","headerBackground":"#dad8c1","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#000","shapeFill":"e6003c"}},"color":{"bg":"#edede2","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"},"element":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[{"font-family":"League Gothic","font-weight":"400","font-style":"normal"}],"font":{"common":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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