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{"id":106836,"type":0,"block_id":"1341284997","theme_id":30,"user_id":31905,"path":"Historia-del-registro-del-sonido-1341284997","title":"Historia del registro del sonido","pubtitle":null,"tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1341284997.jpg","width":487,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10537099,"object_id":"1e20dd35-e9c6-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Historia del registro del sonido","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81795,"object_id":"1341285852","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Fonoautógrafo","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81801,"object_id":"1341285861","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"La primera invención conocida de un dispositivo capaz de grabar sonido fue el fonoautógrafo, invención del francés Leon Scott, patentado el 25 de marzo de 1857. Este podía transcribir sonido a un medio visible, pero no tenía un modo de ser reproducido después.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81843,"object_id":"1341287266","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341287266.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81802,"object_id":"1341285875","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Gramófono","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81803,"object_id":"1341285886","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El alemán radicado en los Estados Unidos, Emile Berliner, inventó en 1887 y lo patentó en 1888 el gramófono.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81846,"object_id":"1341287585","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341287585.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81804,"object_id":"1341285897","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El magnetofón de alambre","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81805,"object_id":"1341285908","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Recién en 1911, con un simple invento de Lee DeForest, el tubo Audión (más tarde desarrollado y conocido como Triodo), fue posible amplificar estos campos magnéticos y hacer realidad el magnetofón de alambre, el primer sistema magnético de audio.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81847,"object_id":"1341287436","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341287436.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81808,"object_id":"1341285960","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El magnetófono de bobina abierta","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81809,"object_id":"1341285995","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"En 1928, el alemán Fritz Pfleumer solicitó una patente similar en cuanto al principio del grabador de alambre. Este utiliza tiras de papel o material plástico recubiertas en sustancias polvorientas.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81806,"object_id":"1341285921","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El tocadiscos","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81807,"object_id":"1341285932","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El tocadiscos apareció por primera vez en 1925.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81818,"object_id":"1341287781","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341287781.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81812,"object_id":"1341286067","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El casete compacto","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81850,"object_id":"1341287976","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"La empresa Philips asentada en Europa, introdujo el casete compacto en el año 1963, al año siguiente entró en los Estados Unidos, bajo marca registrada con el nombre de Compact Casete.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81852,"object_id":"1341288129","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341288129.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81810,"object_id":"1341286019","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El cartucho de ocho pistas","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81811,"object_id":"1341286036","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El desarrollo tecnológico del cartucho de 8 pistas data de finales de la década de 1950, y su lanzamiento comercial fue a mediados de los años 1960, el éxito del formato se produjo rápidamente. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81813,"object_id":"1341286129","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"La era digital","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81815,"object_id":"1341286199","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Laserdisc","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81816,"object_id":"1341286226","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El primer sistema óptico fue el Laserdisc y era analógico. Salió a la venta el 15 de diciembre de 1978, dos meses después aparecieron en el mercado las primeras cintas VHS.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81857,"object_id":"1341288203","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341288203.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81823,"object_id":"1341286377","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"La revolución del disco compacto (CD)","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81825,"object_id":"1341286402","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Las primeras aproximaciones a lo que hoy en día se conoce como disco compacto se realizaron a finales de los años 1970. El CD, estuvo basado en la tecnología del Laserdisc.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81859,"object_id":"1341288360","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341288360.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81821,"object_id":"1341286299","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"La cinta de audio magnética","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81822,"object_id":"1341286332","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A mediados de 1980, Sony desarrollo el primer sistema de casete digital, conocido como DAT (por sus siglas en inglés Digital Audio Tape).","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81826,"object_id":"1341286413","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"MP3","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81827,"object_id":"1341286443","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"La tecnología del formato de audio MP3 fue desarrollada en Alemania por tres científicos del instituto tecnológico de Fraunhofer, Karlheinz Brandenburg director de tecnologías, Popp y Gril, en Ilemenau en el año 1986. Más tarde en 1992 la Moving Picture Experts Group (de allí el famoso MPEG), aprobó oficialmente la tecnología.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81860,"object_id":"1341288611","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341288611.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81828,"object_id":"1341286455","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"El disco Blu-ray","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81829,"object_id":"1341286479","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El disco blu-ray empezó a desarrollarse a partir del 19 de mayo de 2005, cuando TDK anunció un prototipo de disco blu-ray de cuatro capas de 100 Gigabyte.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":81861,"object_id":"1341288731","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1341288731.png"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:20.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#efede6","headerBackground":"#d7d5cf","cellColor":"#534741","headerColor":"#534741","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#efede6","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#534741"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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