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{"id":856501,"type":0,"block_id":"sdossantos_1364848095","theme_id":1,"user_id":97486,"path":"Great-Lakes-Water-Use","title":"Consumptive Use (2010)","pubtitle":"Great Lakes Water Use","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/sdossantos_1364848095.jpg","width":626,"copyright":"Sarah Dos Santos & Monica Pilwal","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":857908,"object_id":"sdossantos1365514494","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Many Uses of the Great Lakes Water Supply","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":857997,"object_id":"sdossantos1365514866","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/sdossantos1365514866.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":857922,"object_id":"sdossantos1365514569","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If you’re a Canadian, you’re probably aware of The Great Lakes, but you may not know of all the ways in which these waters are used. Both beautiful and purposeful, The Great Lakes offer their services to better our livelihoods. \n\nPublic/ Domestic: The Great Lakes are most definitely picturesque and serene. More than 80 per cent of people in Ontario rely on the Great Lakes for use in their everyday life: drinking water, fishing, boating and spirituality. The economy also relies on water supply from these lakes. Hydroelectricity, navigation, and thermal power are all dependent on water levels. These levels are important for maintaining healthy fisheries, wetlands and other ecosystems.\n\nIrrigation: The Great Lakes are used to water land and soil, ensuring the growth of crops during periods of inadequate rainfall. \n\nLivestock: Water for livestock, dairies, feedlots, fish farms and other farm needs.\n\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":78237,"object_id":"sdossantos1364930318","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Depletion of the Great Lakes","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":850325,"object_id":"sdossantos1365452521","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Great Lakes water levels have been under significant stress over the last few decades. Lake Huron and Lake Michigan have depleted the most. These lower levels not only effect the environment but also the economy (i.e. fishing industry). If ships cannot carry as heavy of loads over the water because of its low levels, then products cannot be sent back and forth. This is only one of the many problems that water depletion can cause. The water is depleting this way for several reasons. They are under high stress from environmental reasons, and reasons in which humans play a big part.\n\nSeveral stressors are:\n- dry winters\n- warmer winters leading to less ice formation and more evaporation of water\n- less precipitation to fill the lakes\n- a lack of dams/drudging in the middle lakes to help them hold back water\n- not enough action being taken to maintain the harbors and save the water\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":850321,"object_id":"sdossantos1365452496","particle_type":"video","picture":null,"text":"//youtube.com/embed/player_embedded&list"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":77147,"object_id":"sdossantos1364931482","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"A study led by the University of Michigan found Lakes Erie and Ontario under the greatest stress. Each lake is dealing with several stressors, some of which are:\n- heavy metal poisoning\n- mussel invasion\n- high nitrogen levels\n\nSome aquatic ecosystems are enjoying the heat from the climate change while others are suffering from industrial waste and agricultural runoff. Light pollution is also affecting the wildlife of the area.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":76939,"object_id":"sdossantos1364931696","particle_type":"video","picture":null,"text":"//player.vimeo.com/video/63191968"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":78144,"object_id":"sdossantos1364930474","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Stress Levels on Great Lakes Waters (2007)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":129258,"object_id":"sdossantos1364849969","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The ratios of stress levels on water are divided into four categories based on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCED) classification scheme:\n\nHigh = more than 40% available water used (severe water stress)\nMedium = between 20%-40% available water used\nModerate = between 10%-20%\nLow = less than 10% (low water stress)\n\nOut of all the Canadian provinces that use the Great Lakes waters, Ontario puts the most stress on water levels.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1296069,"object_id":"sdossantos_1364849700","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Stress Level"],["Northern Canada","10%"],["British Columbia","10%"],["Prairie Region","10%"],["Ontario","40%"],["Quebec","10%"],["Atlantic Region","10%"]]],"custom":{"height":"339"},"colors":["#286b7b","#41a3c6","#a7dfff","#ff414d","#339bd6","#53cae8"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":16802233,"object_id":"ff1f3986-eacb-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Consumptive Use (2010)","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":130545,"object_id":"sdossantos_1364848095","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Report of Great Lakes Regional Water Use (Ontario)\n\nThe Great Lakes fresh water resource is used for several purposes. These uses contribute to the depletion of the Great Lakes. As available fresh water runs out, ecosystems that rely on it are negatively affected along with the economy. Since Ontario puts the most stress on the Great Lakes out of any other province, data gathered can explain the areas in which they are used, and help us find out where we can cut down on consumption.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1295791,"object_id":"sdossantos_1364848095","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["Water Use Category","Ontario"],["Public Supply","15%"],["Domestic","15%"],["Irrigation","78%"],["Livestock","80%"],["Fossil Fuel",".9%"],["Nuclear",".9%"],["Hydroelectric","0%"]]],"custom":{"height":"405"},"colors":["#286b7b","#41a3c6","#53cae8","#929292","#444444","#a7dfff"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":2,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":858025,"object_id":"sdossantos1365514953","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Threats to the Great Lakes","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":858042,"object_id":"sdossantos1365515022","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Pollution\nPollution poses as a threat to these bodies of water. Less than one percent of the total lake water enters and leaves each year. Chemicals that do enter the water have the potential to remain for years, inevitably becoming part of the food web. The toxic substances found in the water include raw sewage, decades of industrial waste, mining operations and runoff from cities. Pesticides and other toxic “nutrients” also enter the water from farms, thus throwing off the ecosystem. \n\nGlobal Warming\nLake water has a tendency to evaporate and the quality also declines due to the weather change. There is a vast amount of stress placed on The Great Lakes, including the drying of the coastal wetlands, which in turn expose pollution and toxic sediment. The change in weather also increases the number of storms that occur. When the water overflows, so does sewage. \n\nInvasive Species\nNative species of The Great Lakes constantly have to do battle with other invasive species for food and living space. These new species tend to ruin beaches, harm fish farms, clog water infrastructure and lead to the extinction of native species. More than 180 non-native species now reside in the Great Lakes, with a new species being discovered around every 28 weeks. \n\nSulfide Mining\nThere is a proposal to mine sulfide metals in the public forests near Lake Superior. This move will put wildlife and water in the Great Lakes basin at risk. Sulfide mining has a tendency to damage streams and endanger the health of the public. This mining pollutes the Great Lakes, thus poisoning our drinking water. \n \n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":860019,"object_id":"sdossantos1365522773","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Sources: \n\nhttp://www.torontosun.com/2012/12/19/great-lakes-stressed-out-study\nhttp://glc.org/wateruse/database/pdf/wateruserpt2010-litres.pdf\nhttp://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/default.asp?lang=En&n=2DC058F1-1\nhttp://www.glc.org/wateruse/database/\nhttp://www.great-lakes.net/envt/water/uses.html\nhttp://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/default.asp?lang=En&n=79962112-1\nhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes\nhttp://www.ene.gov.on.ca/environment/en/subject/great_lakes/index.htm\nhttp://ijc.org/iuglsreport/?page_id=8 \nhttp://www.google.ca/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=irrigation&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&redir_esc=&ei=0X1jUbC3KKKe2wXcsoGQDA \nhttp://www.glc.org/wateruse/wrmdss/finalreport/pdf/CU_Briefing.pdf \nhttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2010000/part-partie3-eng.htm \nhttp://www.nwf.org/wildlife/wild-places/great-lakes.aspx \n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:11.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-12T12:47:10.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{},"value":{}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#232323","headerColor":"#232323","shapeFill":"#232323"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#7d7d7d"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"legend":{"fontWeight":"400","fontSize":"16"},"label":{"fontWeight":400,"fontSize":16}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["PT Sans","Arial","PT Sans 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