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Created by:Alessandro NaiAlessandro Nai
{"id":1185781,"type":0,"block_id":"654854121_1369822775","theme_id":29,"user_id":411994,"path":"Going-negative-in-Swiss-direct-democracy","title":"Going negative in Swiss direct democracy","pubtitle":"Going negative in Swiss direct democracy","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/654854121_1369822775.jpg","width":642,"copyright":"Nai A., 2013","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":11695750,"object_id":"d5c37274-e9f5-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Going negative in Swiss direct democracy","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1429490,"object_id":"6548541211369827087","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Negative advertisement, i.e., verbally attacking political adversaries, is a common rhetorical strategy in (US) electoral campaigns. But what about the traditionally consensual Switzerland? The following figures are about the use of negative advertisement in Swiss direct democratic campaigns between 1999 and 2005","content_type":"","title":"Enter quote author","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441430,"object_id":"6548541211369895815","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Overall 1999-2005 share of negative ads found in Swiss press","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1940155,"object_id":"654854121_1369825835","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["","overall 1999-2005"],["Negative ads","739"],["Non negative ads","6431"]]],"custom":{"height":"400"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":2,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441439,"object_id":"6548541211369895900","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"1999-2005 evolution of negative ads (in % of total ads)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1940517,"object_id":"654854121_1369828447","chart_type_nr":6,"data":[[["Past GDP","1999","2000","2001","2002","2003","2004","2005"],["Share of negative ads","0.09","0.08","0.11","0.08","0.06","0.03","0.06"]]],"custom":{"smooth":true,"xlabel":"Year","ylabel":"Share of negative ads","legacyTransposeDone":true,"switchRowsColumns":true},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441447,"object_id":"6548541211369895961","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"1999-2005 share of negative ads by type of instrument","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1940259,"object_id":"654854121_1369826507","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["By intrument","Popular initiatives","Optional referenda","Mandatory referenda"],["Negative ads","393","319","27"],["Non negative ads","2871","2567","993"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441454,"object_id":"6548541211369896001","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Who's behind negative ads?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1942557,"object_id":"654854121_1369837881","chart_type_nr":11,"data":[[["","N"],["Political party","142"],["Influence group or lobby","123"],["Sector association","77"],["Trade union","31"],["Ad hoc committee","324"],["Other","40"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441457,"object_id":"6548541211369896036","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Which Party is more likely to go negative?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1940370,"object_id":"654854121_1369827398","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["Party","Negative ads"],["Swiss People's Party","100"],["Social Democrats","3"],["Liberal/Radical","35"],["Christian Democrats","0"],["Green","0"],["Other","4"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1441465,"object_id":"6548541211369896079","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"1999-2005 share of negative ads by political issue","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1940567,"object_id":"654854121_1369828721","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Past GDP","Overall"],["International and security policy","0.13"],["Environment, ecology and land use","0.06"],["Social issues","0.09"],["Culture, research, institutions","0.02"],["Economy and finance","0.07"]]],"custom":{"ylabel":"Share of negative ads"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1480950,"object_id":"6548541211370262307","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Note: the trends presented in this infography are based on a comprehensive collection of all political ads (about 7'200) published in six Swiss major newspapers during the four weeks before each project voted between 1999 and 2005 (75 projects voted at the federal level).","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:06.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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