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{"id":1360152,"type":0,"block_id":"wewing_1373477680","theme_id":48,"user_id":485496,"path":"Fingerprinting-47","title":"Fingerprinting","pubtitle":"Fingerprinting","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/wewing_1373477680.jpg","width":570,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":17456188,"object_id":"e312f1c3-eae6-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Fingerprinting","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776482,"object_id":"wewing_1373477680","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"INTRODUCTION: Fingerprinting is a useful method in crime solving because of its two key principles: (1) no two finger prints are the same and (2) fingerprints never change. Fingerprinting was first introduced in 1823 but failed to gain much popularity until several years later. At this time, it was only used as a way to identify people as opposed to a method of crime solving. In 1891, Juan Vucetich was the first known person who confirmed that a woman killed herself through the use of this method. Henry Jackson was the first criminal to be caught through fingerprinting in 1902.","content_type":"","title":"Enter quote author","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806139,"object_id":"wewing1373933957","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"This is a map highlighting some of the first places to use fingerprints for everything from business transactions to crime solving ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2323768,"object_id":"wewing_1373909791","chart_type_nr":9,"data":[[["","points of interests","group"],["Italy","40","Europe","42.6384261 12.674297"],["Spain","40","Europe","40.0028028 -4.003104"],["China","40","Asia","35.000074 104.999927"],["India","40","Asia","22.3511148 78.6677428"],["United Kingdom","40","Europe"],["USA","40","America","39.7837304 -100.4458825"]]],"custom":{"points":"0"},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776503,"object_id":"wewing1373477983","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Types of Fingerprints","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804080,"object_id":"wewing1373911079","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Plastic prints - Fingerprints that are formed as an impression in materials such as putty, tar, or wax","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804078,"object_id":"wewing1373911036","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Patent (Visible) Prints - fingerprints that are out in the open and easy to see (mud, wet paint, ink)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804081,"object_id":"wewing1373911086","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Latent prints - Fingerprints that are not visible with the naked eye","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804113,"object_id":"wewing_1373911501","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/wewing_1373911501.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776538,"object_id":"wewing1373478257","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Characteristics of Fingerprints ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776573,"object_id":"wewing1373478355","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Eight different types of characteristics: plain arch, tented arch, radial loop, ulnar loop, plain whorl, central pocket whorl, double loop whorl, accidental whorl","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804002,"object_id":"wewing_1373910211","particle_type":"image","picture":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/wewing_1373910211.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776681,"object_id":"wewing1373479022","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Breaking it down","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2293226,"object_id":"wewing_1373478602","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["Fingerprints","percentages"],["arch","5"],["loops","65"],["whorls","30"]]],"custom":{},"colors":["#01c4f5","#77c300","#ff414d","#5a5a5a","#4d4d4d","#1f1f1f","#2a2a2a","#505050","#707070","#898989"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776634,"object_id":"wewing1373478712","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"arch: 5% loops: 65% whorls: 30%","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776650,"object_id":"wewing1373478827","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"The Fingerprinting process","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776662,"object_id":"wewing1373478898","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Fingerprints are invisible to the human eye. The print must be developed and removed using different methods ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776712,"object_id":"wewing1373479275","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Powders are used to make prints that are on hard solid surfaces visible and chemicals are used to make prints on porous material visible","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776720,"object_id":"wewing1373479310","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Lifting Techniques: hinge lifters, rubber lifters, cellophane lifters","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776776,"object_id":"wewing1373479635","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Follow a finger print from beginning to end: A finger print is first discovered at a crime scene (using either powder or chemicals to make it visible if a latent print). The print is then lifted using lifting techniques such as lift tape. The print is then placed on a card and submitted to the Automated Fingerprint Identification System or AFIS. If a match is found police can then follow up on the evidence and potentially find the perpetrator. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806445,"object_id":"wewing1373939446","particle_type":"video","picture":null,"text":"//youtube.com/embed/R0e8WXkFA64"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776792,"object_id":"wewing1373479715","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Statistics of Fingerprinting in Crimes","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806222,"object_id":"wewing1373935396","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Number of fingerprints added to IAFIS per year (in millions)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2326145,"object_id":"wewing_1373934903","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["Yearly Volume Tenprint Fingerprint Submissions to IAFIS","USA"],["2013 to present","23.7"],["2012","58"],["2011","50.8"]]],"custom":{"height":"387"},"colors":["#01c4f5","#ff414d","#77c300","#5a5a5a","#4d4d4d","#1f1f1f","#2a2a2a","#505050","#707070","#898989"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806280,"object_id":"wewing1373936312","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"IAFIS Average Response Times in Seconds","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":2326182,"object_id":"wewing_1373935715","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["IAFIS Average Response Times in Seconds","seconds"],["Tenprint Rapsheet Request (TPRS)","25.5"],["Criminal Electronic (CAR) Fingerprint Submissions","217"],["Civil Electronic Fingerprint Submissions","2636"],["Electronic Non-Federal User Fee (NFUE) Fingerprint Submissions","85"],["Criminal Fingerprint Card Processing Non-Urgent (CPNU) Submissions","742"]]],"custom":{"ylabel":"Seconds","absoluteDistribution":false},"colors":["#01c4f5","#ff414d","#77c300","#ff9000","#ffffff","#1f1f1f","#2a2a2a","#505050","#707070","#898989"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776827,"object_id":"wewing1373480007","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Errors in Fingerprinting","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776831,"object_id":"wewing1373480023","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Investigations have shown that many individuals share similar characteristics in their fingerprints making them hard to distinguish. Brandon Mayfield, a lawyer from Portland, Oregon, was accused of being responsible for the bombing because a fingerprint on a plastic bag found at the scene appeared to match his fingerprint. Mayfield’s fingerprint had strikingly similar features to that of the real criminal, Ouhnane Daoud. Also fingerprints can be difficult to identify because of smudging that occurs at the crime scene.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1776910,"object_id":"wewing1373480591","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Thomas Jennings Case","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804115,"object_id":"wewing1373911533","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"In 1910, Thomas Jennings entered the Hiller family home in order to rob them. The father noticed that something was peculiar and went downstairs to find a stranger in his home. Jennings ended up shooting Mr. Hiller in order to get away, but later investigators were able to determine that Jennings was the murder because of the fingerprints found at the crime scene.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1804452,"object_id":"wewing1373914881","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Works Cited","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806373,"object_id":"wewing1373938307","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\"FBI - Fact Sheet.\" FBI. FBI, 17 Mar. 2010. Web. 15 July 2013.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806502,"object_id":"wewing1373940289","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Zodiac. Dir. David Fincher. Prod. Mike Medavoy, Arnold W. Messer, Bradley J. Fischer, James Vanderbilt, and Ceán Chaffin. By James Vanderbilt. Perf. Mark Ruffalo, Jake Gyllenhaal, and Robert Downey. Paramount Pictures, 2007. DVD. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806503,"object_id":"wewing1373940294","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\"Impression and Pattern Evidence.\" National Institute of Justice. National Institute of Justice, 28 Mar. 2013. Web. 06 July 2013.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806504,"object_id":"wewing1373940298","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\"Q & A: Fingerprinting.\" Scotsman Publications Ltd. 16 Feb. 2017: n. pag. LexiNexis Academic. Web. 6 July 2013. . ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806856,"object_id":"wewing1373945823","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\"1912: Thomas Jennings, Fingerprinted.\" ExecutedToday.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 July 2013.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1806864,"object_id":"wewing1373945892","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\"Fingerprints.\" Fingerprints. National Museum of Crime & Punishment, n.d. Web. 04 July 2013.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:37:49.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#3a3a3a","headerBackground":"#2a2a2a","cellColor":"#c7c7c7","headerColor":"#c7c7c7","shapeFill":"cbcbcb"}},"color":{"bg":"#3a3a3a","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#c7c7c7"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"400","fontStyle":"normal","fontSize":"16","textAlign":"initial"},"legend":{"fontWeight":"400","fontSize":"16"},"label":{"fontWeight":400,"fontSize":16}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["PT Sans Narrow","PT 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id=\"infogram_0_Fingerprinting-47\" title=\"Fingerprinting\" src=\"//e.infogr.am/js/dist/embed.js?4QP\" type=\"text/javascript\"></script><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid #dadada;margin:0 30px\"><a href=\"https://infogr.am/Fingerprinting-47\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Fingerprinting</a><br><a href=\"https://infogr.am\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedIframe":"<iframe src=\"//e.infogr.am/Fingerprinting-47?src=embed\" title=\"Fingerprinting\" width=\"570\" height=\"\" scrolling=\"no\" frameborder=\"0\" style=\"border:none;\"></iframe><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid 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