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{"id":799409,"type":0,"block_id":"laurenshiplett_1363886131","theme_id":31,"user_id":273300,"path":"ENLIGHTENED-DESPOTISM","title":"ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM","pubtitle":"ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/laurenshiplett_1363886131.jpg","width":668,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":15463252,"object_id":"7b281a7a-ea91-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764122,"object_id":"laurenshiplett_1363886131","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":" BY Lauren Shiplett","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764128,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886175","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"What the heck is it?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764129,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886168","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Enlightened despotism (also known as benevolent despotism or enlightened absolutism) is a form of monarchy in which rulers were influenced by ideals rooted in the European enlightenment. Enlightened despots embraced the concepts of the enlightenment, specifically that of rationality, and applied them to their territories. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764199,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886595","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/laurenshiplett1363886595.jpeg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764153,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886356","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Okay… how did they do that?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764160,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886370","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Enlightened monarchs typically allowed religious toleration, freedom of speech, freedom of press, and the right to hold private property in the lands over which they governed. Most also fostered arts, literature, science, and education in their respective regions as well. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":763961,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886829","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Enlightened monarchs","content_type":"","title":"Who were the noted despots who put these ideas into practice? How did they do it? (NO, not the butterflies.)","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764208,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886809","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/laurenshiplett1363886809.gif"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764213,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363886951","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"The \"Ambitious and Despotic\" Joseph II","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1202193,"object_id":"laurenshiplett_1363887268","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["NATIONALITY","Joseph was Austrian, but ruled the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg Lands","profilePath",""],["IMPORTANT EVENTS","Patent of Tolerance (1781), Outbreak of the French Revolution (1789), Death of Maria Theresa (1780)","starPath"],["WHY WAS HE ENLIGHTENED?","He was deeply committed to government reform based on new political philosophies coming out at this time. As well, Joseph was a lover and patron of his country`s art, and was known as a &quot;musical&quot; king that steered Austria toward much of its current German influence. Many of the edicts he implemented following Maria Theresa`s death included religious toleration, the ceasing of peasantry, and other humanitarian and rationalization-based policies. He also believed strongly in a reduced number of Holy Days celebrated by the church and ordered the churches to be designed less ornately, thus suggesting a more secularized viewpoint. He is known for his many anticlerical and secular innovations.","boyPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764350,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363887911","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"\"Leader and Model\" Frederick the Great","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1202412,"object_id":"laurenshiplett_1363888101","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["NATIONALITY","Prussian","profilePath",""],["IMPORTANT EVENTS","Attacked Austria and claimed Silesia during the Silesian Wars, War of Austrian Succession, Conquered Polish territory in the First Partition of Poland, and Implementation of the Reichsthaler","starPath"],["WHY WAS HE ENLIGHTENED?","Although his record at war may speak otherwise, Freddy was majorly interested in the arts as a young boy. He implemented new technology, including the utilization of canals, to turn Prussia into a modernized society rather the European &quot;backwater&quot; town. He encouraged religious toleration, including the retention of Jesuits as teachers in Prussia. As a talented musician, he played the transverse flute and also aspired to be a platonic philosopher king similar to Roman emperor Marcus Aureulis. In addition, he learned and practiced many languages and encouraged educational advancement. ","boyPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":764265,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363888742","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Catherine the Great - \"Girl Power\"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1202604,"object_id":"laurenshiplett_1363888870","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["NATIONALITY","Russian","profilePath",""],["IMPORTANT EVENTS","Colonized territories in Novorossiya, reformation of the administration of the Russian guberniyas, Manifesto on the Freedom of Nobility published; released nobility from compulsory military or state service, established Smolney Institute, first institute of higher learning for women in Eastern Europe at this time, Russio-Turkish Wars.","starPath"],["WHY WAS SHE ENLIGHTENED?","Catherine was not only another active participant in the arts as an amateur opera librettist, but encouraged higher learning, especially for women. She corresponded with Voltaire, Diderot, and d&#39;Alembert and cultivated the Free Economic Society. She believed that introducing Eastern Europe to Western European education and ideals would be best for the advancement of society at that time. ","girlPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":769237,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363964488","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"The pragmatic Sanction","content_type":"","title":"Issued by holy roman emperor Charles VI, this 1713 edict was issued to ensure that the Hapsburg lands could be inherited by a daughter.","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":769272,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363964814","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/laurenshiplett1363964814.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":769282,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363964838","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Cause? Charles VI and his wife Elizabeth Christine had not been able to bore any male children during their reign, and Charles VI was the last Hapsburg surviving during this time. Charles recognized that the possibility of a a female successor was becoming plausible and thus put precautions into place. \n\nThe Result? War of the Austrian Succession as soon as eldest daughter, Maria Theresa, steps into office.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":769383,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363965224","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"The War of the Spanish Succession","content_type":"","title":"This war was fought between two alliances of European powers over who had the right to succeed as the next king of Spain. ","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":769166,"object_id":"laurenshiplett1363965324","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Cause? Spain had been in a steep decline during the reign of the last Hapsburg King, Charles II. Although their militarized power was no longer one of note, they still had a vast territorial domain. With Philip V quickly rising to power in both France and Spain, the rest of Europe felt that with these new grounds, the balance of power in Europe would shift drastically toward the French throne. Spain fought in favor of Philip V and France. \n\nThe Result? Treaties/Union of Utrecht and Rastatt, Philip V remains King of Spain (but removed from French succession line), and Austria gains most Spanish territories in Italy. 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