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{"id":516452,"type":0,"block_id":"benngmj_1358766351","theme_id":32,"user_id":185529,"path":"Communism-1799678","title":"Communism","pubtitle":"Communism","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/benngmj_1358766351.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":13013542,"object_id":"a94c0356-ea2c-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Communism","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492564,"object_id":"benngmj_1358766351","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"The symbol:","content_type":"","title":"The hammer and sickle and the red star are universal symbols of communism.","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492615,"object_id":"benngmj1358767081","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/benngmj1358767081.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492621,"object_id":"benngmj1358767152","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Origin","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492619,"object_id":"benngmj1358767167","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Communism begun with the ancient Greek idea of the Golden Age, a concept of a world of communal bliss and harmony without the institution of private property. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492631,"object_id":"benngmj1358767339","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Plato, in his Republic, outlined a society with communal holding of property; his concept of a hierarchical social system including slavery has by some been called \"aristocratic communism.\"","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492646,"object_id":"benngmj1358767600","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Founders","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492658,"object_id":"benngmj1358767782","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Karl Marx and Frederick (Friedrich) Engels were the fathers of this belief- they founded modern communism by writing a book called the Communist manifesto. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism, rather than a prediction of communism&#39;s potential future forms.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492665,"object_id":"benngmj1358768124","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Note:","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":748968,"object_id":"benngmj_1358768136","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["Communism","A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.","starPath"],["Marxism","The political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed as the basis for communism.","circlePath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492642,"object_id":"benngmj1358768488","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Key Thinkers","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":471080,"object_id":"benngmj1358768504","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Vladmir Lenin, leader of the Russian Revolution.\nMao Zedong, Chinese communist revolutionary, political theorist and politician. \nMikhail Gorbachev, (current) leader of the Soviet Union\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492693,"object_id":"benngmj1358768932","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/benngmj1358768932.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492696,"object_id":"benngmj1358768968","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Beliefs:\n- All wealth is shared equally including money, properties, all asessts\n- All wealth is owned by the state on behalf of the people\n- The are elections, however, in the Communist countries so far only Communist parties have been allowed\n- Communism is the best form of social organisation\n- The greater good is more important than the rights of an individual\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492703,"object_id":"benngmj1358769047","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"History and examples","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492714,"object_id":"benngmj1358769258","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In 1848 when two young Prussian authors named Marx and Engels published their collaborated work The Communist Manifesto that Communism became a concrete theory. Between the two men’s works, the entire Communist philosophy was created, though it was not implemented until 1871. While Communist philosophy spread across much of the Western world, there were no major attempts at Communism. It was in Russia in 1917 that the first major attempt at a Communist revolution took place. The Bolsheviks , led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian monarchy and the feudal system. After Lenin’s death in 1923, a split ensued that left the USSR divided between the followers of Leon Trotsky and the followers of Joseph Stalin . Stalin, despite the efforts of Trotsky and his followers, assumed control and eventually exiled Trotsky in 1929. In China, Mao Zedong led what is generally considered to have been a Communist revolution, but the later policies of Mao have caused many other Communists to doubt whether China could be counted as true Communist country since the mid 1950s. While the revolution itself is considered to be beneficial, the vast majority of modern Communists hold that contemporary China is no more a true Marxist country than Stalin’s USSR. While Communism was quickly becoming popular in the third-world the next major advancement of Communism occurred in Cuba after Fidel Castro and Che Guevara defeated the dictator Batista.\nToday communism is active as it ever was!\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":215159,"object_id":"benngmj1358769582","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"On one side stood Hitler, fascism, the myth of German supremacy; on the other side stood Stalin, communism, and the international proletarian revolution. ","content_type":"","title":"Anne Applebaum, New York Review of Books, 25 Oct. 2007","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492736,"object_id":"benngmj1358769710","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Sayings and Quotes","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492739,"object_id":"benngmj1358769728","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The goal of socialism is communism. -Vladimir Lenin \n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492744,"object_id":"benngmj1358769757","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Communists have always played an active role in the fight by colonial countries for their freedom, because the short-term objects of Communism would always correspond with the long-term objects of freedom movements. \nNelson Mandela","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492746,"object_id":"benngmj1358769791","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy. \nMao Zedong ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492709,"object_id":"benngmj1358769933","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Fun Fact (story)","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":492756,"object_id":"benngmj1358769949","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The only place on Earth known to have been truly communist in modern times was the tiny volcanic island of Tristan da Cunha. Geographically, it is the most isolated place in the world. The only contact the island had with the outside world was that a Royal Navy ship would turn up perhaps once a year to see that everything was o.k. And then it would leave.\n\nIf someone&#39;s house fell down, everyone gathered together to rebuild it. No one owned anything - everything was for communal use. Survival in the South Atlantic Ocean is not easy, and the system worked to keep the community in pretty good shape for centuries.\n\nThe downside (from our point of view, not theirs) is that no one ever painted a picture, wrote a song, told a story, etc., because that would involve one person raising himself above the others.\n\nIn 1961, the volcano became active, and the entire population of Tristan da Cunha was taken to England until the crisis was over. When they went back a year or so later, they inevitably took some new ideas. How much the truly communist culture survives on Tristan today, I&#39;m not sure.\n\nThe problem for half the world&#39;s population during the 20th century was how to apply that system to a bigger country. On Tristan, the entire population could come together to make an important decision - but how can that happen in, say, Russia or China? There, each community must send representatives to a meeting place, and that involves someone raising himself above the others. So, communism does work. But, in any place much bigger than Tristan da Cunha, it is, by definition, corrupt. Someone, somewhere is bound to get rich.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:53.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"table":{"shapeFill":"e84f2c","headerColor":"#6f6f6f","cellColor":"#6f6f6f","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellBackground":"#ffffff"},"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontFamily":"Arial","fontWeight":"700"}}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#7d7d7d"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"400","fontStyle":"normal","fontSize":"16","textAlign":"initial"},"label":{"fontWeight":400,"fontSize":16},"legend":{"fontWeight":"400","fontSize":"16"}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["PT Sans Narrow","Verdana","PT Serif","PT 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