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{"id":1098647,"type":0,"block_id":"danganronpa_1368461876","theme_id":21,"user_id":379558,"path":"CIVIL-WAR-DOCTORS-AND-AMPUTATIONS","title":"CIVIL WAR DOCTORS AND <br>AMPUTATIONS","pubtitle":"CIVIL WAR DOCTORS AND AMPUTATIONS","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/danganronpa_1368461876.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":13686523,"object_id":"9794ca44-ea48-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"CIVIL WAR DOCTORS AND \nAMPUTATIONS","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1234419,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368461876","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"We are losing each day an average 50 to 60 people throughout the country, if not more. If this is not civil war, then God knows what civil war is.","content_type":"","title":" Iyad Allawi ","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1234530,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368462183","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1368462183.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1234660,"object_id":"danganronpa1368462490","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Civil War was one of the bloodiest wars in American history. Thousands of soldiers were maimed for life, but not always because of the bullets that struck them. Sometimes it was due to their doctors.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1754425,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368462606","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["100","Number of medical officers the North had at the beginning of the war","upPath",""],["24","Number of medical officers the South had at the beginning of the war.","downPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1234799,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368462954","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1368462954.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1234815,"object_id":"danganronpa1368462987","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Each side had such few medical officers, that they forced young men who were only apprentices to be full war doctors and surgeons on the battlefield. Someone as young as 16 could be the man to save or end your life! This made many soldiers less than confident. I mean, would you want someone with only two years of medical school and no hands-on-experience chopping off your leg?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1754726,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368463710","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["Who Knew What They were Doing?","1870","1913","1950","1973","2003"],["Inexperienced Northern Doctors","100"],["Those who had performed surgeries","22"],["Total"]]],"custom":{"height":"419"},"colors":["#000000","#01c4f5","#636363","#898989","#acacac","#cccccc","#ebebeb","#ffffff"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1785668,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368634600","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[[],["Inexperienced Southern Doctors","1000"],["Those who had done surgeries","9"]]],"custom":{"height":"437"},"colors":["#000000","#ff414d","#636363","#898989","#acacac","#cccccc","#ebebeb","#ffffff"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267383,"object_id":"danganronpa1368635065","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"TOOLS OF THE TRADE","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267400,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368635108","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1368635108.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267403,"object_id":"danganronpa1368635119","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Imagine being a solider and a miniball has just gone through your forearm. Your insides are hemorrhaging and your only hope is the battlefield surgeon. Your brothers in arms lay you down on a crummy wooden board: the operating table. The Operator, or surgeon, gives you three choices to fight the pain that is about to come: a bullet or a piece of wood on which to bite, or a hard drink. After choosing, he takes out this kit, little more than kitchen knives and a saw. Your chances aren't looking good.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267474,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368635453","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1368635453.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267489,"object_id":"danganronpa1368635511","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"WHAT HE WOULD USE:","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1267511,"object_id":"danganronpa1368635576","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Scalpel - to make an incision\nPliers - to remove bullets\nSaw - to saw bones in half and to slice large portions of muscle\nScissors - For cutting tissue and bandage\nProbe - to locate foreign objects\nTenaculeum - used to hold body parts during surgery\nTourniquet - to squeeze arteries while cutting off a limb\nBone Brush - Used to remove bone dust\nKnife - For slicing off soft tissue\nCatlin - Small double edged knife for cutting\nKitchen Table - to use as an operating table\nBucket - to fill with chopped off arms, legs, fingers etc.\nLinen - to use as a retractor\nString - to hold arteries\n\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1285470,"object_id":"danganronpa1368722030","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"GET READY BOYS AND GIRLS, HERE'S HOW TO AMPUTATE A LEG!","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1285645,"object_id":"danganronpa_1368722484","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1368722484.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1285690,"object_id":"danganronpa1368722562","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"1. Prop the patient up against pillows and make sure you have strong nurses to hold the patient down. Apply the tourniquet and place the pad on the strap directly on the femoral artery. If a tourniquet is not available, find a volunteer to hold not only the femoral artery, but also the patient's leg.\n2. Stand to the right of your patient so you will always have your left hand on the patient's thigh. This is a precaution so you don't cut your own arm off by mistake.\n3. Offer the patient either a bullet or piece of wood to bite down on when they feel pain, or give them a single alcoholic drink such as whiskey.\n4. Once you make a circular incision, have one of your assistants peel the skin to use later when forming the stump.\n5. Make two incisions, one toward the patient, one toward yourself, in order to divide the muscles and expose the bone in order to saw through it. This is known as the double incision.\n6. Use a strip of linen to form the retractor. Place the retractor under the muscles and hold them up. This is so the bone saw doesn't cut through the muscle, only the bone.\n7. Whilst your assistants hold the muscles, have another pair of nurses or soldiers hold up the patients leg in order to make it easier to saw. Do backward sweeps with the bone saw. They are the most gentle and cause the least amount of bone splintering.\n8. Once the leg is removed, immediately tie string around the femoral artery and procede to loosen the tourniquet. \n9. Wrap the stump in two cross bandages, so the flaps of skin, having been rolled down at this point, are covered. Then, procede, to plaster the stump shut and wrap carefully with a large spool of bandage. Place the stump on a pillow for the maximum comfort of the patient. \n10. Celebrate with brandy on a job well done! ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1341890,"object_id":"danganronpa_1369175352","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1369175352.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1341928,"object_id":"danganronpa1369175568","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"SOLDIERS THOUGHT THAT IT WAS ALL OVER FROM THERE, BUT THEY WERE WRONG.\nIT ONLY BECAME WORSE.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1856361,"object_id":"danganronpa_1369176261","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["1/4","Soldiers died in some way due to their amputation.","profilePath",""],["1/2","Mortality rate due to surgical fevers and complications","boyPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342053,"object_id":"danganronpa1369176740","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In the beginning of the war, gangrene is what killed most soldiers.\nGangrene is a condition where, after a piece of tissue dies and blood no longer flows to that area of the body, causing more and more tissue to turn black and decay. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342070,"object_id":"danganronpa1369176986","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"BELOW IS A PICTURE OF AN AMPUTATED ARM SHOWING SIGNS OF GANGRENE. VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342085,"object_id":"danganronpa_1369177103","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1369177103.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342089,"object_id":"danganronpa1369177141","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"To stop the further spread of gangrene on a solider, the amputated limb usually had to be amputated as well. Later, with the improvement of disinfectants and treatment for gangrene, the disease became much less common. Now, it is extremely rare.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342104,"object_id":"danganronpa1369177278","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"LIMB DISPOSAL ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342108,"object_id":"danganronpa1369177301","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Civil War doctors had to deal with not only countless bodies, but countless pieces of bodies, and finding a place to put all of the people and pieces became quite a challenge. Usually, the dead were stacked somewhere in back where they could be later buried or burned, while, for a time, limbs such as fingers and arms had to pile up in buckets or on spare tables.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342116,"object_id":"danganronpa_1369177393","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/danganronpa_1369177393.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342122,"object_id":"danganronpa1369177428","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"AFTER THE WAR","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342127,"object_id":"danganronpa1369177442","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Civil War was a bloody and gruesome part of America's medical history, but it was an important part in creating our advanced medical equipment, techniques, and vaccines. We learned from the mistakes and successes of the doctors who were fresh out of school and put on the spot. Although at the time, they seemed useless, we have them to thank for saving lives not only in the past, but in the present as well.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1342352,"object_id":"danganronpa1369179385","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Works Cited:\n\n\n\"Amputation.\" Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n\n\n\"Amputation of the Leg.\" Son of the South. Son of the South, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n\n . \n\"Amputations.\" Son of the South. Son of the South, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n . \nEHistory Archive. Ohio State University, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. . \n\"Gangrene.\" Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n\n\n\"The Gruesome Reality of Amputations in the American Civil War.\" Environmental Graffiti. \n Environmental Graffiti, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n\n \n\"The Gruesome Reality of Amputations in the American Civil War.\" Environmental Graffiti. \n Environmental Graffiti, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. \n\n \nMurphey, Daniel P., and Brooke C. Stoddard. \"War Doctors.\" Net Places. About.com, n.d. Web. 21 May \n 2013. \n\nVirginia Military Institute. VMI, n.d. Web. 21 May 2013. 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