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{"id":746404,"type":0,"block_id":"5171b132e95b6867e32eee26736e436090f9acbf","theme_id":29,"user_id":253498,"path":"5171b132e95b-9884","title":"Copy: ","pubtitle":"Copy: ","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/5171b132e95b6867e32eee26736e436090f9acbf.jpg","width":700,"copyright":"Copyright notice","properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":703855,"object_id":"58f271f7e4da2b8fa2afaac9f661cd08218c0537","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":"","text":"The Risk of Selective Dog Breeding","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720122,"object_id":"7c3b198cf759fd94b469f31075ed8ca8950cfcfa","particle_type":"quote","picture":"","text":"\"this focus on beauty above all means that attractive but unhealthy animals have been encouraged to reproduce- a sort of survival of the unfittest.\"","content_type":"","title":"Brian Kilcommons","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720123,"object_id":"9bf8d0054823725487804864113efb7b179361ca","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"Selective breeding problems in dogs is an effect of natural selection that has come to be a problem in this last century, especially the last fifty years. The cause of selective breeding problems began when people started breeding popular types of dogs exclusively for looks. As a result of this, animals that look attractive but are unhealthy have been urged to reproduce by various breeders and kennel clubs to please owners. As it turns out 1 in 4 purebred dogs in America have a serious genetic problem. The concern is that people breeding dogs based solely on looks are not taking into account hereditary issues that occur as a product of selective breeding. Practices such as inbreeding and “line-breeding” that mate family members to produce a specific look are also a concern, because the gene causing the hereditary problem is more likely to be passed down if the dogs are in the same family. Another concern is that there is a lack of interest in supporting research of these genetic issues that veterinarians still don’t know what causes the diseases or how to cure them—shockingly, there are less than 100 canine geneticists in the world. The American Kennel Club in specific is being targeted for not paying enough attention to the issue. AKC registrations for purebred dogs don’t have health and temperament requirements, ensuring that these traits get passed down to the next generation of dogs. One future prediction is that genetic problems in dogs would disappear entirely if Americans could be persuaded to give up breeding in favor of mutts—but, because that is not likely, laws are being proposed to force breeders to pay more attention to genetic problems in their dogs. Also, the American Kennel Club is slowly beginning to fund for more genetic research to get better insight on these disorders. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":708611,"object_id":"awilson51363119261","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"\tNatural selection is most often described as survival of the fittest. Selective breeding shows survival of the fittest in a different sense in which the survival depends on appearance. While the pretty dogs may be more beautiful and fun to look at, they are not the most stable. The breeding that is involved in making the most wanted combinations of dogs sometimes does not give the dogs the traits they need for survival or it will give the puppies traits that will later cause problems. This either gives the puppies medical conditions or traits that are cute to look at, but not easy for the dog to live with; therefore, shortening their life span and dying.\n\t\n\n1.\tVariation- Selective Breeding limits the variation of the species. The owners will mate dogs specifically based on their traits to get the most favored outcome. Sometimes they will even breed a daughter with a father or a grandmother with a grandson. This means that if the family has the same disease, it will continue to be passed on and limit the variation once again.\n2.\tOverproduction- selective breeding controls the production of new puppies, so therefore selective breeding does not encounter overproduction. The puppies that have problems do have to struggle to stay alive though, but it is ot caused from overproduction.\n3.\tAdaption- Selective breeding is preventing the new puppies to make adaptions because the owners are controlling the parents and traits that the puppy will have. This hurts the puppy’s chances of living.\n4.\tDecent with Modification- Selective breeding is not allowing the species to evolve overtime. This is because owners are controlling the breeding. The puppies ability to survive is growing weaker because of this unwillingness to not allowing decent with modification to occur.\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":727044,"object_id":"awilson51363223968","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":726935,"object_id":"awilson51363224355","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The article “Modern Dog Breeds Genetically Disconnected from Ancient Ancestors” confirms that humans have cross-bred dogs so many times over the years that the dogs we have today, have little to no genetic relation with ancient dogs. This article also discusses that learning the origins of different dog breeds with help to discover more about early human civilization, as dogs are the first animals that humans domesticated. Also, dogs that have lived isolated from other other breeds such as the Salukis have adapted differently and arguably better than dogs that have been selectively bred by humans. In the future, we can only hope that we start to see how selective breeding takes away from how dogs naturally adapt and grow in future generations. \nhttp://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120521163845.htm\n","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1119967,"object_id":"a90a4c2e40573237782c5e0b735ad0976e955115","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["60%","Number of Golden Retrievers with inherited dysplasia.","circlePath",""],["25%","Number of purebred dogs in America afflicted with genetic disorders.","circlePath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720125,"object_id":"d7bfc0cb467069d1bfb247a18593369b286cc8fc","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720128,"object_id":"awilson51363119542","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The pictures below show a purebred and a mutt. The purebred Morkie has knee problems and the Mutt has no problems. Both are equally cute. These pictures prove that you do not need a purebred in order to attain a \"pretty\" dog. The first picture is the pure bred and second is the mutt.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720165,"object_id":"awilson51363120435","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/awilson51363120435.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720126,"object_id":"8d4d3f1ddd2cb90f53485c307bde55b26be94f33","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/8d4d3f1ddd2cb90f53485c307bde55b26be94f33.jpeg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":720135,"object_id":"awilson51363119517","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/awilson51363119517.jpg"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:06.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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