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{"id":750079,"type":0,"block_id":"3musketeers_1363179252","theme_id":21,"user_id":258821,"path":"3musketeers-infographic","title":"","pubtitle":"3musketeers-infographic","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/3musketeers_1363179252.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":723812,"object_id":"3musketeers1363179986","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Race in America&#39;s History","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":723822,"object_id":"3musketeers1363180084","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Throughout America&#39;s history race, the grouping of people based off of physical features, has been influencing what one could do in society. the importance of race changes from not being important, but as government is established Institutional racism begins to form to give whites power. It wasn&#39;t until the late 20th century that race becomes less important. after 400 years of Racism, the side affects have been stereotypes and biases on each race. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":735756,"object_id":"3musketeers1363381350","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363381350.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":733083,"object_id":"3musketeers1363340003","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Before the transformation (1607-1705)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756117,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783762","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756118,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783778","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In the beginning of America&#39;s history race had no importance, there was neutrality between races, so social mobility was not limited to a person&#39;s race. The best example of this was Anthony Johnson who served as an indentured servant and became successful. He was able to work the system and get the compensation that was promised to European and African indentured servants. Cases of slavery did exist, but there was no concept of race based slavery in early 17th century Virginia. Neutrality didn&#39;t last for long, with the case of John Punch, institutional racism is birthed with the first case of segregated justice. Social mobility is no longer promised to anyone who is not a white european. This change happens as government is being organized and setup within the new colony. To make the situation worse, there was Francis Bacon&#39;s rebellion, where white and black former indentured servants joined forces and rebelled. This caused the wealthy planter-elites to push for more institutional racism to keep these people from having power. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756264,"object_id":"3musketeers1363785444","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363785444.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":733088,"object_id":"3musketeers1363340105","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"After transformation (1705-1865) ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756119,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783783","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"This era takes place along with the Enlightenment; it creates the idea that \"All men are created equal\", the colonists&#39; motivation to fight against the British. In truth, this isn&#39;t the case, Africans and African Americans are held as slaves by white elite farmers such as Thomas Jefferson, William Byrd, and George Washington. They believed in white supremacy, that whites were inherently superior to Africans and African Americans. It took highly educated African/ African American men like Benjamin Banneker to refute these stereotypes. Sadly, it didn&#39;t matter what educated men had to say, so racial stereotypes and institutional racism continued to exist.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":757459,"object_id":"3musketeers1363812269","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363812269.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":733080,"object_id":"3musketeers1363340151","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Reconstruction/Deconstruction (1865-1896)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756128,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783935","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":759364,"object_id":"3musketeers1363813264","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"After the civil war Abraham Lincoln&#39;s party, the Republicans, had lots of influence in the government. After the 13th amendment was passed, some Republicans believed that abolishing slavery was not enough. They wanted to give black citizens equality with white citizens. This group was know as the Radical Republicans, which was led by Charles Summer. Government is getting involved because helping out black citizens led to more support for the Republicans. White communities got upset, white supremacists do not believe that black citizens should have the right to have power in government, so groups like the Ku Klux Klan begin to terrorize black communities and Radical Republicans, causing support to shift to Democrats. Union soldiers are sent in to help stop the violence in the south, but is is short lived. Ulysses S.Grant became president and withdrew troops, as he was fed up with the south. This created deconstruction, and soon enough Jim Crow laws were passed and racial violence continued.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":762609,"object_id":"3musketeers1363871504","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363871504.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":733095,"object_id":"3musketeers1363340206","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Jim Crow era (1896-1970)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756120,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783789","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":759513,"object_id":"3musketeers1363815295","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":" The Jim Crow era was mainly about expressing white supremacy. There was a strange racial etiquette where every other race besides whites were treated as less than human and inferior. Whites had all of the advantages in society, better public facilities, better neighborhoods and schools, and business opportunities. African Americans were treated as lower class citizens. Also, Racial violence was still a big part of the domestic institution. Lynchings still happened to African American men and some white Republicans. Even though slavery is abolished there is a new form of slavery that rises: convict leasing and peonage. African American men were arrested for vagrancy and herded into the system where they will be working for private businesses. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":762688,"object_id":"3musketeers1363871869","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363871869.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":733099,"object_id":"3musketeers1363340242","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Modern day (1970-Present day)","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":756121,"object_id":"3musketeers1363783792","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In this modern day America is supposedly a post-racial society. After many years of open discrimination and acts of violence between races it is impossible for us to believe that people are actually indifferent about race. America is beyond its constant open discrimination of the past, but that doesn&#39;t mean that it is not affected by pre-existing stereotypes. People unconsciously stereotype others based off of what that person&#39;s race is due to the hundreds of years of development of these stereotypes. This leads to occasional incidents where a group of people of one race are not allowed access to private facilities. There is also the new Jim Crow, a system of massive arrests on African American men because of the \"Criminal African\" stereotype.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":759833,"object_id":"3musketeers1363818848","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/3musketeers1363818848.jpg"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:06.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:32:26.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"treemap":{"labels":{"name":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"700"},"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans 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