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{"id":1063199,"type":0,"block_id":"3200679fbeb03e93f7b9bd1890fcad5774796b70","theme_id":29,"user_id":365723,"path":"3200679fbeb0-2993","title":"Copy: Education in Castro's Cuba","pubtitle":"Copy: Education in Castro","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/3200679fbeb03e93f7b9bd1890fcad5774796b70.jpg","width":550,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":11144689,"object_id":"d8f0cb15-e9de-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Copy: Education in Castro's Cuba","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159375,"object_id":"0deb853ad471ec3351ca72bc309c003d905365b2","particle_type":"quote","picture":"","text":"\"If you do not know, learn; if you know, teach\" ","content_type":"","title":"Castro 1961","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1680691,"object_id":"057c3b58897f7a77faf45baf26a912e802b81bbe","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["24 % ","of children under 10 years of age were illiterate during the pre-revolutionary years","profilePath",""],["4%","by 1962, the illiteracy rate had dropped to 4%","upPath"]]],"custom":{},"colors":["#f340a9","#cc3635","#286b7b","#f2b036","#b02c20","#307d99","#f28a35","#852b33","#41a3c6","#ea594e","#60284f","#53cae8","#ffe670","#da6f6e","#4c7b86","#ffca68","#ba5c53","#498ca4","#ffa760","#844a4f","#5aacc9","#ff9088","#6f4a64","#8cd7ea"],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159376,"object_id":"021f116827317ca28e65c373ccf0eb9bc4d64f97","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"During the years om Sierra Maestra, the Rebel Army taught children and adults to read and write. Castro declared 1961 to be \"The Year of Education\", promising to end illiteracy in that year.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159377,"object_id":"71f34a85767800dd05324a55b7120ed1f2c680c7","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"In 1962, Castro started his policy of school expansion, due to lack of schools and also teachers. In 1962, more schools were built than in the previous 58 years. Castro implemented a training programme for 271,000 teachers who were sent across the country to teach people in their homes. Teachers were also sent to the rural areas to teach peasants.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159378,"object_id":"a3c9b14d5c4be3485f23cb281e6db0a9f1009d85","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"There were two aims of the education policy: to increase literacy and also to make the middle-class youth literate youth familiar with themselves with the poor living conditions, and to act in response to revolution values (service and self sacrifice). Literate peasants learnt what revolution could do and had another reason to support it.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159379,"object_id":"75e57545c224d78614eb310b41c812173ffce1da","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":"","text":"Education in Communist Cuba","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159380,"object_id":"f9bef9d5810f83a67f71f097431e126c9f0d4499","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"In 1961, all private schools were nationalised, boarding schools were opened and a large scholarship programme for gifted and committed students was implemented. Free time had to be used in \"intellectually valuable choices\" such as volunteer work. Many teachers lost their jobs, as they did not support the revolution. Students also acted as spies on teachers, and teacher who supported the regime were rewarded with training programs in the USSR and Eastern Europe. In these areas, communist values were enforced. History focused on the revolution and the lives of heros such as Fidel and Che. Libraries were purged of inappropriate materials. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159381,"object_id":"50620ed8490218d740dfd98144e3f6fc488bd6ec","particle_type":"quote","picture":"","text":"\"The task if schools... is the ideological formation of revolutionaries, and then, by means of the revolutionaries, the ideological formation of the rest of the people\"","content_type":"","title":"Castro ","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1159382,"object_id":"961d35823016ee4ab0dfb2370ff02c94124ee0bf","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":"","text":"Organisations were founded aimed at developing cuban culture based on nationalist and revolutionary values. Policies were co ordinated to ensure arts reflected and encouraged these values.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:06.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#eeeeee","cellColor":"#444444","headerColor":"#444444","shapeFill":"307d99"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#767676"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow","fontWeight":"400","fontStyle":"normal","fontSize":"16","textAlign":"initial"},"legend":{"fontSize":"16","fontWeight":"400"},"label":{"fontSize":16,"fontWeight":400}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["PT Sans Narrow","PT 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