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{"id":308025,"type":0,"block_id":"spencerflynn14_1351661965","theme_id":29,"user_id":120434,"path":"1351661965-679866","title":"How Suburbs are Killing the Earth","pubtitle":"How Suburbs are Killing the Earth","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/spencerflynn14_1351661965.jpg","width":675,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":16985353,"object_id":"84bc2ea2-ead3-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"How Suburbs are Killing the Earth","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":271998,"object_id":"spencerflynn14_1351661965","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"\"In the decades ahead, we must somehow shift new residential and commercial development away from places where population growth and economic growth exacerbate critical environmental problems, and toward places where population growth and economic growth help relieve them.\"","content_type":"","title":"David Owen, Green Metropolis","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272093,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351666571","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"In Green Metropolis, Owen discusses why cities create less of a strain on the environment than suburbs, as well as tactics to spur the change. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":429845,"object_id":"spencerflynn14_1351661965","chart_type_nr":6,"data":[[["Year","1920","1930","1940","1950","1960","1970","1980","1990","2000","2010"],["Chicago Population","2701705","3376438","3396808","3620962","3550404","3366957","3005072","2783726","2896016","2695598"]]],"custom":{"legacyTransposeDone":true,"switchRowsColumns":true},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272031,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351663953","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/spencerflynn141351663953.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272041,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351664287","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Levittown, New York","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272036,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351664190","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"-Began in 1947 as a 2,000 home develoment\n-Focus was on inexpensive housing (this concept was helped by the FHA)\n-Along with homes, there were other things that are now seen as part of suburbia including schools, post offices, stores, community centers\n-What brought so many people out of the cities was a mix of inexpensive suburban housing, an explosion of people, and the end of WWII","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":429933,"object_id":"spencerflynn14_1351665360","chart_type_nr":1,"data":[[["Population Density vs. GHG Emmisions","New York","","Chicago","Denver"],["GHG Emmisions","7","","12","19"],["Pop Density","27","","11","4"]]],"custom":{"legacyTransposeDone":true,"switchRowsColumns":true},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":1,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272102,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351666813","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"But it&#39;s a big, dirty city! ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272113,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351666924","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"How could it possibly be better than my bright, open, suburb full of grass and trees?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272123,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351667106","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"The biggest reason is transport. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272137,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351667282","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"1st: Everything is Closer\n -You can walk everywhere, it doesn&#39;t make sense to drive a half mile\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272150,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351667481","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"2nd: It&#39;s Easier to Go Places\n-In a city, due to it&#39;s density, public transportation makes much more sense\n-Additionally, because they get more use, and there is less area to cover, bike lanes make sense","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272206,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668150","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"3rd: Building Up is Better than Building Out\n-An apartment building, home to 100 families uses much less energy than 100 individual homes housing one family each\n-Material wise, the apartment building is again more efficient","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272154,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351667553","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"All of this means massive reductions in emissions.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272198,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668090","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/spencerflynn141351668090.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272237,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668282","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"What do we do? \nThere are two options.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272267,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668519","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"We can begin encouraging people to move back into the city, but how would this effect the city? Is there space? Would it cause housing prices to skyrocket? Would infrastructure be able to handle a massive influx of residents? ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272274,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668649","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"We can begin incorporating some of the things that make cities have so much less of an impact on the environment into suburbs, but how could this be implemented? It will be very expensive to \"retrofit.\" If we only do it with new develoments, will it really have any impact? Are people who only know suburban life ready to make the change voluntarily vs. being forced to change because of living in the city?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272186,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668919","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":" What do you all think?","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":272232,"object_id":"spencerflynn141351668857","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/spencerflynn141351668857.png"}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:33:06.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans 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