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{"id":233090,"type":0,"block_id":"1349491360","theme_id":21,"user_id":95159,"path":"1349491360-258194","title":"Ladrillos","pubtitle":"Ladrillos","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1349491360.jpg","width":511,"copyright":null,"properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10731412,"object_id":"eb83e5ed-e9cd-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Ladrillos","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":200063,"object_id":"1349491360","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"PLÁSTICOS RECICLADOS","content_type":"","title":"La calidad técnica de los productos de esta tecnología posibilita su utilización como elementos de cerramiento exterior e interior no estructural de viviendas","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":200066,"object_id":"1349491607","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1349491607.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":200067,"object_id":"1349491701","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El material que se utiliza es de tres clases:\n\n-polietilen tereftalato (PET) procedente de envases de bebidas descartables, residuo postconsumo.\n\n-plásticos varios procedentes de embalajes de alimentos o de perfumería, residuo de fábrica por fallas de espesor o entintado, compuestos por: polietilen tereftalato (PET), polietileno de baja densidad (LDPE), polipropileno biorientado (BOPP), cloruro de polivinilo (PVC), con tintas aplicadas y polvo de aluminio (en el caso de láminas con aspecto brillante).\n\n-poliestireno expandido (PS), residuo de fábricas de placas de aislación térmica para construcciones.\n\nLos residuos plásticos son seleccionados, triturados con un molino especial, y así son incorporados a mezclas cementicias, sin necesidad de un lavado previo (salvo en el caso que se utilicen residuos muy contaminados tomados de la basura, sin un acopio separado). El bajo requerimiento de limpieza se explica porque los desechos quedan confinados en la masa de un hormigón. Las superficies de los cerramientos ejecutados con estos elementos constructivos deben ser revocadas con un mortero común de albañilería, elaborado con materiales pétreos convencionales. Por eso el aspecto de una vivienda construida con estos componentes no difi ere en absoluto con otras tradicionales. En el caso de los envases de PET, no es necesario sacarles etiquetas ni tapas previo al proceso de triturado. No se pueden utilizar envases procedentes de la industria agroquímica y en general, aquellos que puedan haber estado en contacto con sustancias tóxicas. Para la fabricación de los elementos constructivos se utilizó un procedimiento similar al de un hormigón común, pero reemplazando áridos por plásticos reciclados. La mezcla de hormigón es vertida en una máquina de fabricar ladrillos, o en una máquina bloquera, o en moldes de tipo manual, según el tipo de elemento constructivo de que se trate. En ellos se realiza una compactación mecánica o manual. Luego del desmolde los elementos constructivos deben ser curados con agua en forma de lluvia fina, o bien sumergidos en un piletón con agua. A los 28 días de haber sido fabricados pueden ser utilizados en obra. 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