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Created by:Kuba WalickiKuba Walicki
{"id":21994,"type":0,"block_id":"1336160825","theme_id":21,"user_id":10730,"path":"100000257964855/1336160825","title":"media<br> manipulations","pubtitle":null,"tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1336160825.jpg","width":570,"copyright":"www.gatekeeping.tumblr.com","properties":{"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"none","user_embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10445191,"object_id":"66ef68b3-e9c2-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"media\n manipulations","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10276,"object_id":"1337290621","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"\"Never have so many been manipulated so much by so few\".","content_type":"","title":"A. Huxley","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3445,"object_id":"1336161485","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"who does that","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":23533,"object_id":"1336160835","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["","Who make it"],["Psychologists","33,3"],["Sociologists","33,3"],["Linguistics","33,3"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":null,"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10298,"object_id":"1337291575","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"There are many scientists, who are responsible for media manipulation, but those enlisted above play the major role. Moreover, amongst others, journalists, anthropologists and biologists also take part in such manipulations.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3448,"object_id":"1336161441","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"who is the goal","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":23535,"object_id":"1336161031","chart_type_nr":3,"data":[[["","target"],["Political class","20"],["Herd confused","80"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":null,"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10293,"object_id":"1337291991","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":" Influencing the masses is the easiest, when the manipulator chooses the leaders. If there is a possibility to change their opinion on any subject, then there is hope for change in the minds of the masses. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10338,"object_id":"1337297116","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"What is the goal - fabrication of constent","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10340,"object_id":"1337297301","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Noam Chomsky described fabrication of consent as situation, when influential people, who make relevant decisions, want the consent of society. A description of possible tools to change common opinions will follow. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10339,"object_id":"1337297247","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"This is the main reason of media&#39;s manipulations but there are also others causes.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3449,"object_id":"1336161678","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"why is it possible - cialdini","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3446,"object_id":"1336161064","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"1. Rule of reciprocation","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3451,"object_id":"1336161895","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If we do something for somebody, then they feel obligated to do something for us.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3452,"object_id":"1336161975","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"2. Rule of commitment and consistency","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3453,"object_id":"1336162111","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If we can perusade someone to do something a few times, then there is possibility, that he will repeating related slogans and get related conviction for a long time.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3454,"object_id":"1336162276","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"3. Rule of social proof","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3455,"object_id":"1336162310","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":" if we are able to show somebody that the majority of other people have z certain point of view, then there is a much bigger probability to influence their decisions.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3457,"object_id":"1336162598","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"4. Rule of liking","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3458,"object_id":"1336162616","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If someone likes us, then we an ideal possibility to manipulate their attitude and opinions.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3459,"object_id":"1336162801","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"5. Authority","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3460,"object_id":"1336162843","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"People are easy to manipulate when they see someone they respect and admire.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3461,"object_id":"1336162936","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"6. Scarcity","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3462,"object_id":"1336162956","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"If there is a lack of something then people want it much more than while there is a lot of it.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10320,"object_id":"1337294628","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"How to do that - classical conditioning","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10321,"object_id":"1337294680","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"One another basic of every each manipulation is classical conditioning, which was examined by Iwan Pawlow. He realized that if there is a stimulus (A) which produces some kind of reaction (E), we can add other thing as stimulus (B) and then try it one more time. After while, we can delete stimulus A and, even if we do that, stimulus B will still produces the same reaction. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10325,"object_id":"1337295285","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"As media&#39;s manipulation opportunity it works in this way, that we can add some kind of sexual stimulus to some kind of information. People would subconsciously fell arousal and satisfaction. After while this kind of fellings will be exsists during contact with information without sexual stimulus. ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10328,"object_id":"1337296687","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Some of useful stimuluses","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10329,"object_id":"1337296753","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Childishness","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10331,"object_id":"1337296817","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Sexual attractiveness","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10336,"object_id":"1337296990","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Humor","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10335,"object_id":"1337296951","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Extreme stimuli","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10337,"object_id":"1337297032","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Anxiety stimuli","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3465,"object_id":"1336163924","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"how to do that - practice ","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3469,"object_id":"1336164737","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Selection of facts","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3468,"object_id":"1336164781","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Hierarchy of facts","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3470,"object_id":"1336164800","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Broadcasting time","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3471,"object_id":"1336164814","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Concealment","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3472,"object_id":"1336164834","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Repeating","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3473,"object_id":"1336164848","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Manipulation by attack","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3474,"object_id":"1336164870","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Creating an enemy","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3475,"object_id":"1336164896","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Fallacious statistics","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3476,"object_id":"1336164917","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Lies","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3478,"object_id":"1336164958","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Implication","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3477,"object_id":"1336164934","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Authority&#39;s opinion","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3479,"object_id":"1336164987","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"effects","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":3481,"object_id":"1336165247","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":" After The Vietnam War the researchers asked the viewers of Fox News TV how many people was killed during the conflict. They said there were 100 000 victims. In fact there were about 2 000 000.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":32191,"object_id":"1337289994","chart_type_nr":2,"data":[[["","Statcounter"],["Missing value","95%"],["Opinion of FNT watchers","5%"]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":null,"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":10315,"object_id":"1337294251","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Everyone should remember that there is a lot of similar cases. Media have impact on our knowledge, decison which we make and attitudes of us. 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target=\"_blank\" href=\"https://infogr.am/100000257964855/1336160825\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\">media\n manipulations</a><br><a style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" href=\"https://infogr.am\" target=\"_blank\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedAsync":"<div class=\"infogram-embed\" data-id=\"100000257964855/1336160825\" data-type=\"interactive\" data-title=\"media\n manipulations\"></div><script>!function(e,t,n,s){var i=\"InfogramEmbeds\",o=e.getElementsByTagName(t),d=o[0],a=/^http:/.test(e.location)?\"http:\":\"https:\";if(/^\\/{2}/.test(s)&&(s=a+s),window[i]&&window[i].initialized)window[i].process&&window[i].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var r=e.createElement(t);r.async=1,r.id=n,r.src=s,d.parentNode.insertBefore(r,d)}}(document,\"script\",\"infogram-async\",\"//e.infogr.am/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js\");</script><div style=\"padding:8px 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href=\"https://infogr.am/100000257964855/1336160825\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\">media\n manipulations</a><br><a style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" href=\"https://infogr.am\" target=\"_blank\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedWordpress":"[infogram id=\"100000257964855/1336160825\" prefix=\"E6b\" format=\"interactive\" title=\"media\n manipulations\"]","embedWordpressImage":"[infogram id=\"100000257964855/1336160825\" prefix=\"dmH\" format=\"image\" title=\"media\n manipulations\"]"}