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{"id":1153464,"type":0,"block_id":"jonasschill_1369259879","theme_id":29,"user_id":372421,"path":"-jonasschill_1369259879","title":"What's Next For NASA?","pubtitle":"What","tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/jonasschill_1369259879.jpg","width":550,"copyright":"Source: http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/mpcv/index.html","properties":{"publishType":0,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":15094378,"object_id":"6486e1f9-ea82-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"What's Next For NASA?","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357416,"object_id":"jonasschill1369260185","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"\"As a former astronaut and the current NASA Administrator, I'm here to tell you that American leadership in space will continue for at least the next half-century because we have laid the foundation for success -- and failure is not an option.\"\n","content_type":"","title":"Charles Bolden","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357451,"object_id":"jonasschill1369260328","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Exploration","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357454,"object_id":"jonasschill1369260343","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357480,"object_id":"jonasschill1369260513","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle will be an exploration vehicle that will carry a crew to space, sustain it during space travel, and safely return the crew to earth. Orion once completed will be the primary vehicle for most manned missions beyond low Earth orbit. In addition to being able of conducting regular in-space operations it will also be able to be a backup system for the International Space Station for the purpose of delivering supplies and crews. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357624,"object_id":"jonasschill1369261246","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Space Launch System","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1357634,"object_id":"jonasschill1369261306","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The Space Launch System is NASA's next big launch vehicle. It will be the first launch vehicle since the Saturn V that took us to the moon to be capable of escaping near Earth orbit to make the exploration of deep space destinations possible, such as asteroids, the moon, and ultimately Mars. This new launch system will carry the Orion Multi-Purpouse Vehicle that houses the crew. It is essentially just the set of rockets that launches the rest into space. The new Space Launch System will be a new safe, affordable, and sustainable system for launching future missions. It will consist of 2 solid rocket boosters, 4 RS-25 Engines, a core stage, launch vehicle stage adapter and finally a interim cryogenic propulsion stage on which the Orion is attached.","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1359087,"object_id":"jonasschill_1369272300","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/jonasschill_1369272300.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1359252,"object_id":"jonasschill1369273256","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"J-2X Engine","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1359254,"object_id":"jonasschill1369273274","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The J-2X Engine is a new rocket engine currently being designed at NASA, and is planned to be the second or third stage of the new Space Launch System also being developed at NASA. It is liquid-oxegen/liquid-hydrogen fueled and produces 300,000 pounds of thrust in a vacuum. It is designed to be used in space for a restart if the vehicle comes to a stop for a mission related purpose. It is more powerful than another engine in its class and type. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1359314,"object_id":"jonasschill_1369273866","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/jonasschill_1369273866.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1359316,"object_id":"jonasschill1369273899","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Aeronautics","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1372606,"object_id":"jonasschill1369343419","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Green Aircraft","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1372611,"object_id":"jonasschill1369343443","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"NASA is committed to the environment is hard at work on green aviation. NASA is aiming to increase fuel efficiency, lower emissions, and reducing noise. ","content_type":"","title":"","shrink":null},{"type":"chart","chart_id":1886502,"object_id":"jonasschill_1369344162","chart_type_nr":23,"data":[[["1.21","Forecast for the number of airline passengers per year in billions by 2030","profilePath",""],["25","The number of gallons of jet fuel burned by the US in 2008 in billions","upPath"],["","",""]]],"custom":{},"colors":[],"dimensions":[],"modifier":0,"sheetnames":[],"sheets_settings":[]},{"type":"particle","particle_id":1372842,"object_id":"jonasschill1369344790","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"The fuel use of both commercial and military aviation is extremely high. NASA is planning to have a new plane developed that will burn 33% less fuel by 2020. Airplanes are a major contributors to green house gases releasing over 250 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere each year. These gases contribute to global warming. Airports are required to keep their emissions below a certain level, but 40 out of the top 50 airports in the US fail their yearly inspection and have to pay fines to the government. NASA is planning to have the emissions of newest airplanes reduced 20% by 2015, 50% by 2020, and over 50% by 2025. High levels of noise are the most complained about flaws of air travel. Large cities with large airports are constantly bombarded by the noise of jet engines. The FAA has invested over $5 billion dollars into reducing airplane and airport noise but the problem persists and the complaints keep rolling in. NASA is planning to reduce the noise footprint by 2/3rds by 2015, 5/6ths by 2020, and contained within the airport property boundaries by 2025. NASA is planning to accomplish these things in three main way. First advancements in Airframe Technology which means using lighter materials and structures, and using more efficient shape that reduces drag which reduces both fuel consumption and noise. Second advancements in Propulsion Technology where NASA will be focusing on high pressure engine core components that will increase efficiency and decrease emissions. And third Vehicle Systems Integration this is simply the way that the airframe is integrated with the propulsion system so that the airframe shields the propulsion system to decrease noise. 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