Loading
Created by:bonilla123bonilla123
{"id":148171,"type":0,"block_id":"1344717712","theme_id":33,"user_id":52891,"path":"-1344717712-72771","title":"Historia de la computadora","pubtitle":null,"tags":"","public":true,"publicAccess":true,"private_link_enabled":0,"thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1344717712.jpg","width":550,"copyright":"Copyright notice","properties":{"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"whitelabel":false,"embed_button":"enabled","title_link":"infogram","custom_logo":"infogram","custom_link_url":"","embed_button_text":"Share","decimal_separator":".,"},"elements":[{"type":"particle","particle_id":10596439,"object_id":"821d1c62-e9c8-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_type":"maintitle","picture":null,"text":"Historia de la computadora","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122198,"object_id":"1344717788","particle_type":"bodytitle","picture":null,"text":"Palabra que viene del latín computare, que significa calcular. Se dice que el padre las computadoras es Charles Babbage","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122206,"object_id":"1344718011","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1344718011.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122207,"object_id":"1344718026","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"Mas modelos de computador aparecieron en los años 40, con modelos clásicos y básicos para su principal finalidad: maquina creada para recibir y procesar datos convirtiendo estos en información útil. \nHacia esta época aparecieron diseños expuestos por John Von Neumann, John Presper Eckert y John William Mauchly. El primero de estos Von Neumann construye la EDVAC en 1952, la cual utilizaba el sistema binario e introducía el concepto de programa almacenado.\n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122208,"object_id":"1344718088","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1344718088.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122209,"object_id":"1344718093","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"La memoria es una secuencia de celdas de almacenamiento numeradas, donde cada una es un bit o unidad de información. La instrucción es la información necesaria para realizar lo que se desea con el computador. Las «celdas» contienen datos que se necesitan para llevar a cabo las instrucciones, con el computador. El número de celdas varían mucho de computador a computador, y las tecnologías empleadas para la memoria han cambiado bastante; van desde los relés electromecánicos, tubos llenos de mercurio en los que se formaban los pulsos acústicos, matrices de imanes permanentes, transistores individuales a circuitos integrados con millones de celdas en un solo chip. En general, la memoria puede ser reescrita varios millones de veces (memoria RAM); se parece más a una pizarra que a una lápida (memoria ROM) que sólo puede ser escrita una vez.","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122213,"object_id":"1344718181","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1344718181.png"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122214,"object_id":"1344718218","particle_type":"bodytext","picture":null,"text":"El procesador (también llamado Unidad central de procesamiento o CPU) consta de manera básica de los siguientes elementos:\n- La unidad aritmético lógica o ALU es el dispositivo diseñado y construido para llevar a cabo las operaciones elementales como las operaciones aritméticas (suma, resta, ...), operaciones lógicas (Y, O, NO), y operaciones de comparación o relacionales. En esta unidad es en donde se hace todo el trabajo computacional.\n- La unidad de control sigue la dirección de las posiciones en memoria que contienen la instrucción que el computador va a realizar en ese momento; recupera la información poniéndola en la ALU para la operación que debe desarrollar. Transfiere luego el resultado a ubicaciones apropiadas en la memoria. Una vez que ocurre lo anterior, la unidad de control va a la siguiente instrucción (normalmente situada en la siguiente posición, a menos que la instrucción sea una instrucción de salto, informando al ordenador de que la próxima instrucción estará ubicada en otra posición de la memoria).\nLos procesadores pueden constar de además de las anteriormente citadas, de otras unidades adicionales como la unidad de Coma Flotante\n- Los dispositivos de Entrada/Salida sirven a la computadora para obtener información del mundo exterior y/o comunicar los resultados generados por el computador al exterior. Hay una gama muy extensa de dispositivos E/S como teclados, monitores, unidades de disco flexible o cámaras web. \n","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122218,"object_id":"1344718315","particle_type":"image","picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/1344718315.jpg"},{"type":"particle","particle_id":122219,"object_id":"1344718323","particle_type":"quote","picture":null,"text":"Con el estilo mas moderno, las computadoras se han tomado el mundo","content_type":"","title":null,"shrink":null}],"theme":{"createdAt":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updatedAt":"2016-12-28T10:34:04.000Z","logoImages":[""],"charts":{"wordcloud":{"labels":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"Arial"}},"treemap":{"labels":{"value":{"fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"name":{"fontWeight":"700","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"}}},"table":{"cellBackground":"#ffffff","headerBackground":"#e2d8bf","cellColor":"#433f39","headerColor":"#433f39","shapeFill":"a8271c"}},"color":{"bg":"#ffffff","text":"#000000","chart":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#433f39"},"element":{"bg":"transparent","text":"#000000"}},"colorPresets":[],"localFonts":[],"font":{"common":{"textAlign":"initial","fontSize":"16","fontStyle":"normal","fontWeight":"400","fontFamily":"PT Sans Narrow"},"legend":{"fontSize":"16","fontWeight":"400"},"label":{"fontSize":16,"fontWeight":400}},"fontPresets":[],"fontFamilies":["PT Sans Narrow","Verdana","PT Serif","PT Sans"],"id":33,"title":"Asketic-new","usergroup":"archived","picture":"https://d1m5pq7b4fzvad.cloudfront.net/33/thumbnail.png","thumb":"/i/templates/S/asketic-brown.png","order":24,"public":0,"width":null,"fonts":"PT+Sans+Narrow:400,700;PT+Sans:400,700;PT+Serif:400italic","colors":["#433f39","#c99842","#e37900","#a8271c","#b15027","#7d4c29","#c6a88b","#7b736a","#6f5449","#4b372d","#364056","#607572","#909e86","#9da76c","#76a268","#68a28c","#6c9da0","#578d9d","#433049","#96475f","#af8f9c"],"logocolor":"61594d","logoUrl":"","showLogo":"","showEmbed":"","embedButtonText":"Share","top":50,"padding":20,"spacing":20,"shrinkMargin":20,"shrinkPadding":20,"spacingElementMin":null,"spacingElementMax":null,"css":".igc-sheets .igc-sheet .igc-sheet-ico,\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet:hover .igc-sheet-ico {\n\tborder-color: #433f39;\n}\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet .igc-sheet-label,\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet:hover .igc-sheet-label,\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet.active .igc-sheet-label {\n\tcolor: #433f39;\n}\n.igc-sheet .igc-sheet-ico,\n.igc-sheet.active .igc-sheet-ico {\n\tbackground: transparent;\n}\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet.active .igc-sheet-ico::after,\n.igc-sheets .igc-sheet:hover .igc-sheet-ico::after {\n\theight: 14px;\n\twidth: 14px;\n\tleft: 2px;\n\ttop: 2px;\n\tbackground: #433f39;\n}\n.igc-textual-figure {\n\tfont-size: 45px;\n}\n.igc-table-scroll {\n\tbackground: #e2d8bf;\n}\n.igc-table .igc-table-cell {\n\tfont-size: 16px;\n\tfont-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n\tfont-weight: 700;\n}\n.igc-table .igc-table-header {\n\tfont-size: 16px;\n\tfont-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n\tfont-weight: 700;\n}\n#madewith a,\n#madewith a:link,\n#madewith a:hover,\n#madewith a:visited,\n#madewith a:active {\n\tcolor: #f2ede1 !important;\n\tfont-style: italic;\n\tfont-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n\tfont-size: 16px;\n}\n.ig-copyright {\n\tcolor: #f2ede1;\n}\n.ig-container {\n\tbackground: url(/i/templates/33/brown-bckgrnd.png);\n}\n.ig-items {\n\tpadding-bottom: 20px;\n\tpadding-left: 20px;\n\tpadding-right: 20px;\n\tbackground: #f2ede1 url(/i/templates/33/brown-top-curve.png) 0 0 repeat-x;\n}\n.headline {\n\tfont-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n\tfont-weight: 700;\n\ttext-transform: uppercase;\n\tfont-size: 55px;\n\tcolor: #433f39;\n\tborder-bottom: 8px solid #433f39;\n\tline-height: 65px;\n}\n.chart-title {\n\tfont-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n\tfont-weight: 700;\n\tfont-size: 36px;\n\tcolor: #433f39;\n\tborder-bottom: 4px solid #433f39;\n}\n.bodytext {\n\tfont-family: Verdana;\n\tfont-weight: 400;\n\tfont-size: 14px;\n\tcolor: #433f39;\n}\n.quote {\n\tpadding: 20px;\n\tfont-family: PT Serif;\n\tfont-style: italic;\n\tfont-size: 30px;\n\tcolor: #ffffff;\n\ttext-align: center;\n\tbackground: #433f39;\n}\n.quotetitle {\n\tfont-size: 24px;\n}\n.quote:after, .quote:before {\n\tcontent: '';\n\tposition: absolute;\n\ttop: 50%;\n\tmargin-top: -13px;\n\twidth: 13px;\n\theight: 27px;\n}\n.quote:after {\n\tleft: 0%;\n\tbackground: url(/i/templates/218/left.svg);\n}\n.quote:before {\n\tbackground: url(/i/templates/218/right.svg);\n\tright: 0%;\n}\n.headline.active:hover {\n\tcolor: #e37900;\n}\n#madewith.active a:hover {\n\tcolor: #e37900 !important;\n}\n.titlepopup1,\n.titlepopup2 {\n\tborder-color: #e37900;\n}\n.shrink .chart > .inner {\n\tpadding-left: 10px;\n\tpadding-right: 10px;\n}\n.ig-items:after,\n.ig-container:after {\n\tcontent: '' !important;\n\tdisplay: block !important;\n\tposition: absolute;\n\tright: 21px;\n\ttop: 26px;\n\tbackground: #433f39;\n\twidth: 15px;\n\theight: 15px;\n\tborder-radius: 20px;\n}\n.ig-container:after {\n\tleft: 41px;\n\ttop: 47px;\n\tright: auto;\n}\n.ig-separator-line {\n\tbackground: rgba(67, 63, 57, 0.5);\n}\n.heatmap-legend {\n\tbackground: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.7);\n}\n.heatmap-legend-item,\n.heatmap-label {\n\tcolor: #433f39;\n\tfont-size: 11px;\n\tfont-family: PT Sans;\n}\n.igc-graph-pie-piece {\n\tstroke: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.7);\n}\n.igc-tabs .igc-tab-active {\n background: #ffffff;\n }\n .igc-tabs .igc-tab .igc-tab-content,\n .igc-tabs .igc-tab.icon-down:after {\n font-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n color: #000000;\n font-weight: 400;\n }\n .igc-tabs .igc-tab,\n .igc-tab-switcher {\n color: #000000;\n } .igc-tabs.igc-tabs-dropdown .igc-tab-name {\n font-family: PT Sans Narrow;\n color: #000000;\n font-weight: 400;\n } .captiontext {font-family: PT Sans Narrow;color: #000000;font-weight: 400;} .captiontext .innertext {line-height: 1.5;}","chartOptions":{"pictobar":{"shapeStyleEmpty":{"fill":"#d9ccae"}},"progress":{"backgroundInactive":{"fill":"#d9ccae"}},"waterfall":{"colors":"433f39 76a268 a8271c"},"candle":{"colors":"a8271c 76a268","blankfill":"url(https://jifo.co/i/templates/33/bckgrnd_dots-brown2.png)"},"map":{"showLegend":false,"countryStroke":"#d9ccae","countryFill":"#d9ccae","canvasFill":"transparent"},"common":{"circleStyle":{"fill":"url(https://jifo.co/i/templates/33/bckgrnd_dots-brown2.png)"},"_categoryOptions":{"backgroundStyle":{"fill":"#e2d8bf"}},"backgroundStyle":{"stroke-opacity":0,"stroke-width":0},"_gridOptions":{"marginLineStyle":{"stroke-width":0,"stroke":"transparent"},"fontStyle":{"font-family":"PT Sans","font-size":11,"text-anchor":"start","fill":"#433f39","cursor":"default"},"lineStyle":{"stroke-width":1,"stroke":"#433f39","fill":"none","stroke-dasharray":"."}},"legendOptions":{"font-size":16,"font-family":"PT Sans Narrow"},"tooltipOptions":{"nameFontStyle":{"font-family":"PT Sans Narrow","text-anchor":"start","font-weight":700,"font-size":16,"fill":"#ffffff"},"valueFontStyle":{"font-family":"PT Sans Narrow","text-anchor":"start","font-size":16,"fill":"#fff"},"containerStyle":{"stroke":"#464646","fill":"#464646"}}}},"version":1,"archived":true,"tabs":false,"zeroPaddingEmbed":true,"created_at":"2016-04-22T04:54:07.000Z","updated_at":"2016-12-28T10:34:04.000Z"},"embed":"<script id=\"infogram_0_-1344717712-72771\" title=\"Historia de la computadora\" src=\"//e.infogr.am/js/dist/embed.js?5ge\" type=\"text/javascript\"></script><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid #dadada;margin:0 30px\"><a href=\"https://infogr.am/-1344717712-72771\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Historia de la computadora</a><br><a href=\"https://infogr.am\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedIframe":"<iframe src=\"//e.infogr.am/-1344717712-72771?src=embed\" title=\"Historia de la computadora\" width=\"550\" height=\"\" scrolling=\"no\" frameborder=\"0\" style=\"border:none;\"></iframe><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid #dadada;margin:0 30px\"><a href=\"https://infogr.am/-1344717712-72771\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Historia de la computadora</a><br><a href=\"https://infogr.am\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedWordpress":"[infogram id=\"-1344717712-72771\" prefix=\"N6G\" format=\"interactive\" title=\"Historia de la computadora\"]","embedWordpressImage":"[infogram id=\"-1344717712-72771\" prefix=\"d4A\" format=\"image\" title=\"Historia de la computadora\"]","embedAsync":"<div class=\"infogram-embed\" data-id=\"-1344717712-72771\" data-type=\"interactive\" data-title=\"Historia de la computadora\"></div><script>!function(e,t,n,s){var i=\"InfogramEmbeds\",o=e.getElementsByTagName(t),d=o[0],a=/^http:/.test(e.location)?\"http:\":\"https:\";if(/^\\/{2}/.test(s)&&(s=a+s),window[i]&&window[i].initialized)window[i].process&&window[i].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var r=e.createElement(t);r.async=1,r.id=n,r.src=s,d.parentNode.insertBefore(r,d)}}(document,\"script\",\"infogram-async\",\"//e.infogr.am/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js\");</script><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid #dadada;margin:0 30px\"><a href=\"https://infogr.am/-1344717712-72771\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Historia de la computadora</a><br><a href=\"https://infogr.am\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Create your own infographics</a></div>","embedImageAsync":"<div class=\"infogram-embed\" data-id=\"-1344717712-72771\" data-type=\"image\" data-title=\"Historia de la computadora\"></div><script>!function(e,t,n,s){var i=\"InfogramEmbeds\",o=e.getElementsByTagName(t),d=o[0],a=/^http:/.test(e.location)?\"http:\":\"https:\";if(/^\\/{2}/.test(s)&&(s=a+s),window[i]&&window[i].initialized)window[i].process&&window[i].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var r=e.createElement(t);r.async=1,r.id=n,r.src=s,d.parentNode.insertBefore(r,d)}}(document,\"script\",\"infogram-async\",\"//e.infogr.am/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js\");</script><div style=\"padding:8px 0;font-family:Arial!important;font-size:13px!important;line-height:15px!important;text-align:center;border-top:1px solid #dadada;margin:0 30px\"><a href=\"https://infogr.am/-1344717712-72771\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Historia de la computadora</a><br><a href=\"https://infogr.am\" style=\"color:#989898!important;text-decoration:none!important;\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\">Create your own infographics</a></div>"}