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10px;\n}\n\n.shrink .chart {\n margin-left: 0;\n margin-right: 0;\n}","fonts":"PT+Sans+Narrow:400,700;PT+Sans:400,700;PT+Serif:400italic","width":550,"public":1,"thumb":"/i/templates/S/asketic.png","order":3,"picture":"/i/templates/L/asketic.png","usergroup":"","author":"infogr.am","title":"Asketic-new","_id":32},"elements":[{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Lok Sabha's Legacy","picture":null,"particle_type":"maintitle","object_id":"fef62fcd-eadf-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_id":17289043,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"All data in this infographic is from PRS Legislative Research. For more, visit http://prsindia.org/","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377012967","particle_id":2059615,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"Enter quote author","content_type":"","text":"The 15th Lok Sabha","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"tulas1_1376994125","particle_id":2056978,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"The 15th Lok Sabha, elected in 2009, is on its way to becoming the least deliberative in history: it has passed the least number of bills.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11376994158","particle_id":2056985,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Excluding the Monsoon 2013 session (ongoing), it planned for 380 bills but passed only 149, a \"pass\" percentage of 39%.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11376994296","particle_id":2057003,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"UPA II: Plan v. Reality","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11376994468","particle_id":2057033,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Each year, there are three sessions of the Lok Sabha: Budget (B), Monsoon (M), and Winter (W).","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377013353","particle_id":2059692,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#06b311","#6e6e6e","#e37900","#e4ba51","#e3b786","#825846","#59392a","#564c30","#897d6e","#627c82","#93af8a","#a0ba5e","#63ba5e","#5ebab2","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{"height":"800"},"data":[[["15th Lok Sabha Bills Passed","Intro 2009","B 2009","W 2009","B 2010","M 2010","W 2010","B 2011","M 2011","W 2011","B 2012","M 2012","W 2012","B 2013"],["Passed","0","8","17","15","24","4","8","11","17","21","4","7","13"],["Planned","0","14","29","28","36","35","34","37","32","40","30","26","39"]]],"chart_type_nr":17,"chart_type":"HorizontalStackBar","object_id":"tulas1_1376994195","chart_id":2614621,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"As of August 19, 2013, the ongoing Monsoon session has planned for 49 but passed only 3.\n\nWhile these are low numbers, they are in keeping with a disappointing trend since the first Lok Sabha was convened in 1952. During its term, 333 bills were passed.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11376994385","particle_id":2057013,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"Enter quote author","content_type":"","text":"A decline","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"tulas11376994363","particle_id":2057009,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Lok Sabha: Bills passed since 1952","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11376996449","particle_id":2057247,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#07b822","#07b822","#07b822","#07b822","#07b822","#ad0000","#07b822","#07b822","#ad0000","#07b822","#ad0000","#ad0000","#07b822","#07b822","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{},"data":[[["Years","Bills Passed"],["1952-1957","333"],["1957-1962","327"],["1962-1967","272"],["1967-1970","216"],["1971-1977","482"],["1977-1979","130"],["1980-1984","329"],["1985-1989","334"],["1989-1991","63"],["1991-1996","277"],["1996-1997","61"],["1998-1999","56"],["1999-2004","297"],["2004-2009","248"],["2009-Aug 19, '13","152"]]],"chart_type_nr":1,"chart_type":"Bar","object_id":"tulas1_1376994768","chart_id":2614706,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"The spike was during the 5th Lok Sabha, which was the second term of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, during which she declared an Emergency.\n\nThe shortest bars (in maroon) represent Lok Sabhas that did not last a full term of 5 years: 6th (Morarji Desai PM), 9th (V.P. Singh PM), 11th (H.D. Deve Gowda PM) and 12th (Atal Bihari Vajpayee PM). On average, these governments passed 77 bills each during their terms.\n\nEvery other Lok Sabha which has served for 3 years or more (in green) has passed, on average, 317 bills each. The present UPA II government is represented in blue-grey.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11376995248","particle_id":2057112,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":[],"custom":{},"data":[[["Govt.","Bills"],["UPA II","152"],["Average","317"]]],"chart_type_nr":25,"chart_type":"Histogram","object_id":"tulas1_1376995708","chart_id":2614825,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Sure, the UPA II still has 9 months left, but it isn't likely to pass about 150 bills in this period.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11376996188","particle_id":2057221,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"Enter quote author","content_type":"","text":"As for ordinances...","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"tulas11377000739","particle_id":2057693,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"What is an ordinance?","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377000763","particle_id":2057694,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"An Act is a bill that was presented in Parliament, passed by both houses, and sent for assent to the President. With his/her assent, it becomes an Act.\n\nAn ordinance is a legal order or law made by the Union Government when the legislature or Parliament is not in session. It's a temporary arrangement made by the government with regard to such a law and its implementation in the country. Such ordinances are legal and can be implemented for the time being, but it has to be passed by the Parliament within six months and made as a \"proper\" Act.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377000997","particle_id":2057723,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Ordinances v. Bills","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377002518","particle_id":2057903,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Does the number of ordinances go up when the number of legislations goes down?","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377002448","particle_id":2057900,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#3eafd1","#e31307","#e37900","#e4ba51","#e3b786","#825846","#59392a","#564c30","#897d6e","#627c82","#93af8a","#a0ba5e","#63ba5e","#5ebab2","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{},"data":[[["Years","1952","1953","1954","1955","1956","1957","1958","1959","1960","1961","1962","1963","1964","1965","1966","1967","1968","1969","1970","1971","1972","1973","1974","1975","1976","1977","1978","1979","1980","1981","1982","1983","1984","1985","1986","1987","1988","1989","1990","1991","1992","1993","1994","1995","1996","1997","1998","1999","2000","2001","2002","2003","2004","2005","2006","2007","2008","2009","2010","2011","2012","2013"],["Number of bills passed","82","58","54","60","106","68","59","63","67","63","68","58","56","51","57","38","67","58","53","87","82","70","68","57","118","48","50","32","72","62","73","49","73","92","71","61","71","38","30","63","44","75","61","45","36","35","40","39","63","61","86","56","18","56","65","46","47","41","43","36","32","16"],["Number of ordinances promulgated","9","7","9","7","9","6","7","3","1","3","8","0","3","7","13","9","13","10","5","23","9","4","15","29","16","16","6","10","10","12","1","11","15","8","8","10","7","2","10","9","21","34","14","15","32","31","20","10","5","12","7","8","8","4","3","8","8","9","4","3","1","4"]]],"chart_type_nr":6,"chart_type":"Line","object_id":"tulas1_1377004455","chart_id":2615985,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"It looks as if the number of ordinances promulgated is inversely proportional to the number of bills passed!","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377002945","particle_id":2057960,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"The recent National Food Security Ordinance (now before Parliament as a Bill) has revived the discussion over this law-making tool. Parliament is meant to be the appropriate forum for legislation, and governments are supposed to pass ordinances only as an emergency measure. Yet, during two periods in independent India's political history, there was a spurt in ordinances - Indira Gandhi's second term (1971-77), and P.V. Narasimha Rao's term (1991-96). Viewed over time, ordinances spring up the years that fewer Bills get passed.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377005169","particle_id":2058284,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"Enter quote author","content_type":"","text":"Finishing things off...","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"tulas11377003896","particle_id":2058068,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"How did each government perform only in the last year of its tenure?","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377005584","particle_id":2058350,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#3eafd1","#d12222","#e37900","#e4ba51","#e3b786","#825846","#59392a","#564c30","#897d6e","#627c82","#93af8a","#a0ba5e","#63ba5e","#5ebab2","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{},"data":[[["Years","1957","1962","1967","1970","1979","1984","1989","1991","1996","1997","1999","2004","2009"],["Number of bills passed","68","68","38","53","32","73","38","63","36","35","39","18","41"],["Number of ordinances promulgated","6","8","9","5","10","15","2","9","32","31","10","8","9"]]],"chart_type_nr":6,"chart_type":"Line","object_id":"tulas1_1377001446","chart_id":2615496,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"How many bills are pending?","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377005711","particle_id":2058377,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":[],"custom":{},"data":[[["Ministry","Bills"],["Agriculture/Rural Dev.","2"],["HRD/Labour/Health","6"],["Industry/Commerce/Finance","6"],["Security/Law/Strategic Affairs","11"],["Transport/Tourism/Urban Dev.","2"],["Constitutional Amendments","5"]]],"chart_type_nr":1,"chart_type":"Bar","object_id":"tulas1_1377009653","chart_id":2616940,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Two have been pending for a while.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377010912","particle_id":2059279,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"•\tThe Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill - First introduced in the RS in 2007; pending in LS\n•\tThe Women’s Reservation Bill was first introduced in the RS in 2008; pending in LS","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377010750","particle_id":2059254,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"There are 25 new bills waiting, too.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377011000","particle_id":2059290,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Among them, look out for…\n\n•\tNational Food Security (Second) Bill, 2013\n•\tParliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Bill, 2013\n•\tRight to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2013\n•\tMental Health Care Bill, 2013\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377011033","particle_id":2059294,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"A lot of time has been wasted.","content_type":"","text":"But hurry up!","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"tulas11377011276","particle_id":2059326,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":2,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#cc3131","#3db366","#e37900","#e4ba51","#e3b786","#825846","#59392a","#564c30","#897d6e","#627c82","#93af8a","#a0ba5e","#63ba5e","#5ebab2","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{},"data":[[["Time lost that could be spent on legislative businesses","Lok Sabha","Rajya Sabha"],["per cent lost","85","22"],["per cent used","15","78"]]],"chart_type_nr":2,"chart_type":"Pie","object_id":"tulas1_1377011370","chart_id":2617304,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"What's more telling, the Lok Sabha has spent a total of 12 minutes in the first seven sittings of the Monsoon session on legislative work.\n\nIn the same time, the Rajya Sabha has spent 7 hours and 42 minutes on legislative work.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377011732","particle_id":2059406,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"After all, it's...","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377011911","particle_id":2059427,"type":"particle"},{"modifier":0,"dimensions":[],"colors":["#000000","#e31307","#e37900","#e4ba51","#e3b786","#825846","#59392a","#564c30","#897d6e","#627c82","#93af8a","#a0ba5e","#63ba5e","#5ebab2","#6596b7","#b477ba","#473057","#bc416e","#c896af"],"custom":{},"data":[[["... until the Monsoon session ends (and Aug 21, 25 and 28, and Sept 1 are holidays)","2013","9","7","0","0","0","down","years","months","days","hours","minutes","seconds",""],["","","","","","","","asis","","","","","",""]]],"chart_type_nr":24,"chart_type":"Date","object_id":"tulas1_1377011838","chart_id":2617409,"type":"chart"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":" ","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"tulas11377011975","particle_id":2059430,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"","content_type":"","text":"Infographic by Vasudevan Mukunth and Rukmini S","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"tulas11377011942","particle_id":2059428,"type":"particle"}],"properties":{"embed_button":"enabled","custom_logo":"none","title_link":"infogram","whitelabel":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true},"rtl":false,"transparent":false,"publishType":0},"copyright":"© The Hindu, 2013","width":550,"embedImageUrl":"https://infogram.io/p/b337f51cf886ccf75711320c19ed1725.png","thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/tulas1_1376994125.jpg","publicAccess":true,"public":true,"tags":"","pubtitle":"LS_performance_1","title":"Lok Sabha's Legacy","path":"LS_performance_1","user_id":503757,"theme_id":32,"block_id":"tulas1_1376994125","id":1524234}