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0;\n}","fonts":"Open+Sans+Condensed:300,700;PT+Sans+Narrow","width":550,"public":1,"thumb":"/i/templates/S/cardboard.png","order":3,"picture":"/i/templates/L/cardboard.png","usergroup":"","author":"Infogr.am","title":"Cardboard-updated","_id":20},"elements":[{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Teorías sobre la Inteligencia","picture":null,"particle_type":"maintitle","object_id":"dacfcab8-e9d0-11e4-a037-7b5f270fdca9","particle_id":10803742,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"TEORÍA BIFOCAL: CHARLES SPEARMAN, 1904, 1927","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352725344","particle_id":305361,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352723244.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352723244","particle_id":305270,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"En su planteamiento original la teoría sostenía que todas las actividades intelectuales comparten un factor único común, llamado factor general o g.\tPostulaba que la mayor parte del desempeño de un individuo en alguna prueba, dependía en su mayor parte de una capacidad mental general, además de la existencia de numerosos factores específicos o s.\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352723127","particle_id":305250,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"TEORÍA DE LAS CAPACIDADES MENTALES PRIMARIAs: L. L. Thurstone, 1938","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352723522","particle_id":305257,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352723795.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352723795","particle_id":305274,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Postulo alrededor de nueve factores de grupo a los que denomino como habilidades mentales primarias. \t","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352723811","particle_id":305277,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"De los factores originales postulados, las mas corroboradas fueron: espacial, perceptual, numérica, verbal, memoria, palabras, inducción, razonamiento, deducción.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352723893","particle_id":305278,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":"TEORÍAS JERARQUICAS","content_type":"","text":"","picture":null,"particle_type":"quote","object_id":"14718158471352723934","particle_id":305280,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Philip Vernon, 1950","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352723988","particle_id":305281,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352724317.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352724317","particle_id":305304,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Según el modelo de Vernon, hay una serie de capacidades estrechamente definidas.\tVernon trato de realizar un resumen de las investigaciones y/o teorías elaboradas hasta 1950.\n\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352724089","particle_id":305286,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"En el modelo de Vernon hay capacidades específicas que tienden a agruparse bajo diversos factores de grupo menores. Decir que ciertas capacidades de específicas se agrupan significa que tiene una correlación más elevada entre sí.\nLos factores de grupo menores se agrupan en dos categorías o factores mayores. Vernon denomino a estos factores v:ed (verbal: educativo) y k:m (espacial: mecánico).","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352724189","particle_id":305288,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"John Carroll, 1980-89","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352724213","particle_id":305291,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352724071.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352724071","particle_id":305285,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"MODELO DE LA ESTRUCTURA DEL INTELECTO: J. P. Guilford, 1981\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352724504","particle_id":305127,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Entra 1980 y 1989 Carroll emprendió la labor de resumir cientos de análisis factoriales que se habían realizado sobre las capacidades humanas.En su teoría de los tres estratos, la inteligencia se encuentra en el nivel superior. Carroll incorpora las inteligencias Fg y Cg de Cattell en el segundo nivel, además de incluir algunos factores de las capacidades mentales de Thurstone.\t\nCarroll incorpora las inteligencias Fg y Cg de Cattell en el segundo nivel, además de incluir algunos factores de las capacidades mentales de Thurstone.\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352724371","particle_id":305222,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352724566.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352724566","particle_id":305310,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Según Guilford la capacidad mental se manifiesta a través de tres ejes principales: contenido, productos y operaciones.\t","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352724586","particle_id":305318,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352724545.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352724545","particle_id":305314,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Operaciones corresponde a lo que hace el individuo. Incluye la cognición, el registro y la retención de memoria, la producción divergente, la producción convergente y la evaluación.\nLa producción divergente consiste en producir soluciones alternas o inusuales. La producción convergente supone la identificación de una sola respuesta correcta.\nContenido atañe a La naturaleza de los materiales o información sobre la que se realizan las operaciones. Incluye contenidos visuales, auditivos, simbólicos, semánticos y conductuales.\nProductos corresponde a la forma en que el individuo procesa la información. Los productos se clasifican en unidades, clases, relaciones, sistemas, transformaciones e implicaciones.\nCada celda de la estructura del intelecto representa una capacidad mental relativamente única. Hay en total 180 celdas\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352724686","particle_id":305321,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"INTELIGENCIAS MÚLTIPLES: HOWARD GARDNER, 1986","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352725017","particle_id":305335,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352725106.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352725106","particle_id":305339,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352725311","particle_id":305359,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Su teoría entra en la categoría de biológica, ya que el autor se refiere con frecuencia al funcionamiento cerebral y a conceptos evolutivos.\tGardner hasta 1986 anuncia 7 inteligencias: lingüística, musical, lógico-matematica, espacial, cinético-corporal, intrapersonal e interpersonal.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352725849","particle_id":305366,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352725087.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352725087","particle_id":305338,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"INTELIGENCIA CRISTALIZADA Y FLUIDA: R. B. CATTELL, 1966","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352725913","particle_id":305403,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352726052.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352726052","particle_id":305400,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"Propuso una prueba de inteligencia perceptual basada en reactivos con formas de matrices y laberintos, la llamo prueba culturalmente imparcial.\t\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352726076","particle_id":305409,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"La teoría Cg, inteligencia cristalizada general, es la suma de todo lo que uno ha aprendido.\nLa teoría Fg, inteligencia fluida general, podría concebirse como potencial mental en bruto; la cual probablemente tenga cierto sustrato neurológico. Una diferencia entre Fg y Cg, es la distinción existente entre influencias hereditarias y ambientales en la inteligencia.","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352726150","particle_id":305412,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"INTELIGENCIA TRIARQUICA: STERNBERG, 1985","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytitle","object_id":"14718158471352726175","particle_id":305413,"type":"particle"},{"picture":"http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-particles-700/14718158471352726282.jpg","particle_type":"image","object_id":"14718158471352726282","particle_id":305416,"type":"particle"},{"shrink":null,"title":null,"content_type":"","text":"La teoría está poblada por muchas triadas y tienes tres subcategorias: componentes, experiencias y contextos.\nLa subcategoría de los componentes alude a los procesos mentales, y estos a su vez incluyen otros tres componentes denominados metacomponentes: planeación, supervisión y evaluación.\nDesempeño lo que supone la resolución real de un problema, bajo la vigilancia atenta de los metacomponentes.\nLa adquisición de conocimientos cuenta también con tres partes: combinación, codificación y comparación.\nLa subteoría de las experiencias aborda la familiaridad con las tareas.\nLa subteoría de los contextos estipula tres formas de enfrentar al entorno: adaptarse, modificarlo o elegir uno distinto.\n","picture":null,"particle_type":"bodytext","object_id":"14718158471352726299","particle_id":305419,"type":"particle"}],"properties":{"embed_button":"enabled","custom_logo":"none","title_link":"infogram","whitelabel":false,"transparent":false,"rtl":false,"export_settings":{"showGrid":true,"showValues":true}},"copyright":null,"width":550,"embedImageUrl":"https://infogram.io/p/aff9113ea449d89075fd5785bcfa3a6a.png","thumb":"https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/infogram-thumbs-200/1471815847_1352723054.jpg","publicAccess":true,"public":true,"tags":"","pubtitle":"Teorías sobre la Inteligencia","title":"Teorías sobre la Inteligencia","path":"1352723054-918627","user_id":131591,"theme_id":20,"block_id":"1471815847_1352723054","id":340414}